26th Taraweeh Summary

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26TH TARAWEEH
FROM SURAH NABA TILL AYAT 26 OF SURAH GHATSHIYAH
PAGE 819 TO PAGE 833

SURAH 78: SURAH NABA
THE NEWS

Surah Mursalaat makes it clear that Allaah’s promises will certainly come to pass. A part of these promises are the bounties that Allaah will shower on the pious people in the Aakhirah. The verses of Surah Naba mentions many bounties that Allaah conferred on blessed man in this very world. At the same time, man cannot forget that he also suffers many adversities and difficulties. Allaah makes mention of these worldly bounties so that man’s attention is drawn to the fact that Allaah will also confer bounties to people in the Aakhirah. Of course, there will be many who will have to suffer punishment in the Aakhirah as well, just as they suffer these in the world.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first five verses reproach those Kuffaar who expressed doubt about the advent of Qiyaamah. Allaah says that these people will soon realise how wrong they are.

Verses 17 to 30 describe the frightful scene of Qiyaamah, beginning with the advent of Qiyaamah and terminating with the scene where people will be cast into Jahannam. A description of the bounties to be received by the people of Jannah follow in verses 31 to 36.

[verse 37]. This verse refers to the most pertinent subject of Towheed. It refutes the notion that any being can overrule Allaah’s decree. The closing two verses clearly mention that the advent of Qiyaamah is certain. Therefore, people should prepare themselves well before it occurs, otherwise they will only be filled with regrets.

SURAH 79: SURAH NAAZI’AAT
THOSE WHO EXTRACT

Surah Naba makes mention of only Allaah’s bounties in this world, without mentioning the adversities.

Moving a step closer, Surah Naazi’aat mentions that the angels of death will also behave in a like manner when claiming people’s souls. While they will be gentle and compassionate towards the pious Mu’mineen, they will be harsh towards the Kuffaar.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The beginning of the Surah describes the angels of death when they claim people’s souls. This indicates the rewards and punishment people will receive in the Aakhirah. Verses 6 to 9 describe the horror of the Day of Judgement, which will terrify people. Allaah then mentions the Kuffaar who refute resurrection and question the advent of Qiyaamah. They mockingly asked whether decomposed bones can be brought back to life.[verses 15 to 26]. Here, Allaah cites an example of His punishment in this world which the Kuffaar will suffer. Allaah talks about how Fir’oun rejected the message of Moosa (AS) and was eventually destroyed by punishment in this very world. Of course, he will still have to face worse punishment in the Aakhirah.

In verses 27 to 33, Allaah asks whether resurrection can be more difficult than the initial creation of all His creation like the skies, the mountains and all the fauna and flora.

From verses 34 to 39, Allaah again warns people about the Day of Qiyaamah. Thereafter, glad tidings are given to the pious Mu’mineen that they will be admitted into Jannah [verses 40 and 41]. In the concluding verses Allaah refers to those who ask Rasulullaah s about the actual time when Qiyaamah will take place. However, only Allaah possesses this knowledge.

SURAH 80: SURAH ABAS
THE FROWNED

Compared to Surah Naazi’aat, Surah Abas mentions more details about the Day of Qiyaamah. The Surah states that although the Kuffaar and sinners will be punished in the Aakhirah, the Day of Qiyaamah will itself be so frightening that people will flee from their kith and kin.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The Surah may be divided into two parts. The first part contains the following three discussions:

The first discussion (from the beginning to verse 16) strongly advices Rasulullaah (SAW) and describes the grandeur of the Qur’aan.

The second discussion (verses 17 to 23) condemns the Mushrikeen, who display ingratitude to Allaah by disobeying Him despite exploiting all His bounties to them.

The third discussion (verses 24 to 32) contains a logical proof to substantiate Qiyaamah. In these verses, Allaah prompts people to reflect on who provides the various types of food and drink for them and their animals. The One Who provides all this sustenance can certainly resurrect them on the Day of Qiyaamah.

In the second part of the Surah, Allaah describes the Day of Qiyaamah from verse 33 to 37. Here Allaah mentions that the day will be so frightening that every person will flee in terror from the next, even though they may be parents, children or other blood relatives.

However, there will be those who will not suffer the same fate, but will be resplendent and happy. The last three verses conclude with a description of the Kuffaar and Mushrikeen, who will be disgraced on that day.

SURAH 81: SURAH TAKWEER
THE FOLDING

Surah Abas speaks about the terror of the Day of Qiyaamah when people will flee from their close relatives and will be engrossed in their own affairs. Moving a step further into the Aakhirah, Surah Takweer makes mention of how people will be dispatched to their respective abodes in Jannah or Jahannam after reckoning.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first thirteen verses summarises 12 occurrences on the Day of Qiyaamah, six of which will occur in this world, while the other six will take place in the Aakhirah.

Verses 19 to 25 declare that the exalted Qur’aan was revealed by the Most Glorious Allaah through the agency of a powerful, trustworthy angel who is extremely close to Allaah, viz. Jibra’eel. Allaah says that the Qur’aan is not the speech of any Shaytaan (Allaah forbid!), nor is Rasulullaah (SAW) an insane person (Allaah forbid!).

[verses 26 to 29] In these concluding verses, Allaah asks people why they go astray when the Qur’aan is there for their guidance. The person who desires to be rightly guided should follow the Qur’aan and find his way.

SURAH 82: SURAH INFITAAR
THE SPLITTING

Although Surah Infitaar mentions only four of the many occurrences of Qiyaamah contained in Surah Takweer, it includes more details. It therefore sounds a louder warning to people. Whilst Surah Takweer mentioned that people will be dispatched to their respective abodes, Surah Infitaar goes further to state that they will never emerge from there.

Surah Infitaar also negates the notion that any being besides Allaah can be of assistance on the Day of Qiyaamah. This is mentioned at the end of the Surah, where Allaah says, “It shall be a day when one soul will be unable to benefit another soul in the least. On that day all authority will be Allaah’s (and no one else will have any say in the administration of affairs).”

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

Man cannot thank Allaah enough for the multitude of favours Allaah has bestowed upon him.

Allaah continues to rebuke the Kuffaar, who reject the belief in Qiyaamah even though their every deed is being meticulously recorded.

SURAH 83: SURAH MUTAFFIFEEN
THOSE WHO CHEAT

Whilst Surah lnfitaar mentions that people will not be able to escape from Jahannam, Surah Mutaffifeen goes further to state that each person’s name will be recorded in a special register. Accordingly, people will be dispatched to their respective abodes and none will be able to remove his/her name from the register, even through intercession.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first six verses of the Surah condemn those people who cheat in weight and measure. They seem not to fear the day when they will stand before Allaah to answer for their misdeeds. Verses 7 to 9 mention that their names will be recorded in the Sijjeen, which will condemn them to an eternity in Jahannam. They will never be able to remove their names from it.
Allaah then censures those who deny the advent of Qiyaamah.]. In verses 15 to 17, Allaah again warns people about the terrible repercussions of sin in the Aakhirah.

The antithesis of the above is mentioned in verses 18 to 28, where Allaah speaks about those who were righteous. Their names will be recorded in the Illiyyeen, after which they will be admitted into Jannah. There they will be extremely happy and will receive all types of delicacies to eat and drink.

The concluding verses warn the Kuffaar against mocking and ridiculing the Mu’mineen. They consider the Mu’mineen to be lowly and misguided, and even scoff them. However, on the Day of Qiyaamah the tables will be turned against them and it will be the chance of the Mu’mineen to laugh.

SURAH 84: SURAH INSHIQAAQ
THE TEARING

Whereas Surah Mutaffifeen states that each person’s name will be recorded in a special register, Surah Inshiqaaq goes further to mention that the people in Jahannam will be subjected to various levels of punishment, each one being worse than the next.

While Surah Mutaffifeen cites the case of a group people who commited a grave sin (i.e. cheating) and condemns them, Surah Inshiqaaq encourages people rather to do good.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first five verses of the Surah describe the initial occurrences that will take place in the Day of Qiyaamah, when the skies will be rent asunder and the earth will swallow everything up. Thereafter, verse 6 reminds man about the time when he will meet his Creator, thereby encouraging him to prepare for this meeting by performing good deeds.

[verses 7 to 9]. These verses describe the fortunate people who will receive their record of deeds in their right hands, indicating that they will be entered into Jannah. Their reckoning will be extremely easy.

Verses 10 to 15 then cite the condition of the unfortunate people, who will receive their record of deeds behind their backs.

[verses 20 and 21]. In these verses, Allaah expresses surprise at the Kuffaar who do not believe despite the fact that they have heard and have even witnessed so many signs and tokens through which the truth can be clearly perceived. They still wish to be stubborn and refuse to submit to the laws of the Qur’aan.

In verses 22 to 24, Allaah warns the rejecters of a dreadful punishment. Thereafter, in the final verse of the Surah, Allaah adds that those who believe and do good deeds will receive unlimited rewards from Him.

SURAH 85: SURAH BUROOJ
THE STARS

Surah Burooj includes more oaths to prove the advent of Qiyaamah. It also contains mention of Towheed, which was not explicitly mentioned in Surah Inshiqaaq.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The opening three verses of the Surah contain three oaths by which the advent of Qiyaamah is attested to. Verses 4 to 8 make reference to the atrocities that the Kuffaar perpetrate against the Mu’mineen in this world. Of course, in the Aakhirah the situation will be reversed because the Kuffaar will be the ones to suffer.

[verse 9].This verse emphasises that everything in Allaah’s control, and that He is Omnipresent. Therefore, one should supplicate only to Him when in need. Verse 10 sounds a warning of punishment against those who harass the Mu’mineen, after which Allaah conveys glad tidings to the Mu’mineen in verse 11.

In verse 12, Allaah informs people that His punishment is severe, just as the Day of Qiyaamah will be.

Verses 17 to 20 convey the message that just as the sky encompasses people so that they cannot proceed beyond its limits, Allah’s knowledge also encompasses everything. Nothing is hidden from Him and none can escape His punishment.

SURAH 86: SURAH TAARIQ
THAT WHICH COMES AT NIGHT

Surah Burooj attests to the certainty of Qiyaamah and also mentions the punishment of this world as well as that of the Aakhirah. Surah Taariq states that if the Kuffaar refuse to believe after these matters have been clarified, they should still be granted another opportunity to accept Imaan. However, if they choose to remain obstinate, they will be drawing Allaah’s wrath upon themselves.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first four verses of the Surah inform people that angels have been appointed over each of them to make a meticulous record of their deeds.

[verses 5 to 10]. In these verses, Allaah draws man’s attention to the fact that He created man from a drop of fluid. It is therefore very simple for Him to resurrect man on the Day of Qiyaamah.

Verses 11 to 14 present the second logical proof to substantiate the reality of Qiyaamah. Allaah refers to that fact that He can easily resurrect man just as he sends rain from the skies to revive barren soil, causing it to flourish with a myriad of vegetation.

The concluding three verses of the Surah condemn the behaviour of the Kuffaar and also contain the central message of the Surah, i.e to grant respite to the Kuffaar.

SURAH 87: SURAH A’LA
THE MOST HIGH

Two of the most fundamental contentions that the Mushrikeen had with Rasulullaah concerned:

* The belief of Towheed.

* Resurrection and retribution.

The belief in resurrection and Qiyaamah has been elucidated in the Surahs up to Surah Taariq. The belief in Towheed is then discussed in the Surahs commencing from Surah A’la.

While some Surahs mention both these aspects, others mention only one, while there are also those that contain only warnings against rejecting them. In between these Surahs, Surah Duha and Inshiraa, unlike the others, contain consolation for Rasulullaah s and the Sahabah p.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

Since Surah A’la begins the final portion of the Qur’aan in terms of subject matter. It mentions Towheed as well as abstinence from the world.

Verses 2 to 5 then explain why Allaah is the Only True Helper, thereby establishing the first part of Towheed.

After citing these two aspects of Towheed, Allaah proceeds to console Rasulullaah s by telling him that his task is confined to propagation and that he is not responsible to make people believe,

Thereafter, verses 12 and 13 warn people about the punishment of the Aakhirah, while verses 14 and 15 convey glad tidings of salvation for the righteous.

[verses 16 and 17]. These verses urge people to abstain from the luxuries of this world and to apply themselves in acquiring the success of the Aakhirah.

SURAH 88: SURAH GHAASHIYA
THE OVERWHELMING THING

Surah Ghaashiya serves as a conclusion for Surah A’la and concentrates on warnings and glad tidings of the Aakhirah. Many Surahs after this will also appear to be conclusions to the Surahs preceding them.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The opening seven verses of the Surah sound warnings of the dreadful punishment of the Aakhirah, while the following nine verses discuss the rewards and bounties that the pious bondsmen of Allaah shall receive in the Jannah. Thereafter, verses 17 to 20 prompt people to reflect on Allaah’s greatness by pondering over four remarkable creations of His.

Allaah then consoles Rasulullaah s by again telling him that his task is confined to propagation and that he cannot force people to believe. In conclusion, the Surah warns the Kuffaar of a grave punishment in the Aakhirah.