25th Taraweeh Summary

Division based 13 line text Quaraan format

25TH TARAWEEH
FROM SURAH MULK TILL AYAT 50 OF
SURAH MURRSALAAT
PAGE 787 TO PAGE 818

SURAH 67: SURAH MULK
THE KINGDOM

The Surahs from Surah Hadeed up to Surah Tahreem discuss spending and waging Jihaad for the cause of Towheed. The subsequent Surahs, from Surah Mulk until Surah Jinn discuss another aspect of Towheed i.e. the fact that Allaah is the source of all blessings. Surah Mulk presents many logical proofs to substantiate the assertion.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

This Surah contains the following:

* Several logical proofs to show that Allaah is the source of all blessings. These-are mentioned in verses 1 to 5 and in 15 , 19 and 24.
* Warnings of punishment to the Kuffaar.
* Glad tidings to the Mu’mineen.
* Methods of propagation.

SURAH 68: SURAH QALAM
THE PEN

Surah Mulk established the fact that A1laah is the only Benefactor and does not share this attribute with any other being. Surah Qalam proceeds to warn Rasulullaah (SAW) (and the Muslims, of course) that the Kuffaar will be prepared to compromise their beliefs in order to get Muslims to do the same. They will be prepared to make concessions in their beliefs to entice Rasulullaah (SAW) and the Muslims to follow suit.
Their objective was to stop Rasulullaah s from making mention of their gods in a negative light. Allaah instructs Rasulullaah s not to give in to their proposals.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The Surah contains the following:

* Consolation to Rasulullaah (SAW).
* The primary assertion of the Surah, which is not to make any compromises in the belief that Allaah, is the Only source of blessings.
* A warning of punishment in this world.
* Glad tidings.
* Warning of punishment in the Aakhirah.

SURAH 69: SURAH HAAQQA
THE INEVITABLE

Allaah tells Rasulullaah (SAW) in Surah Qalam that he should not compromise the belief that Allaah is the only source of blessings. Those who reject this belief are warned in Surah Haaqa of the punishment they can expect to face in both worlds.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

This Surah contains the following:

* Five instances of punishment in this world, viz. the punishment given to the Aad, the Thamud, the people of Fir’oun, the people of Loot e and the people of Nooh e.
* Punishment in the Aakhirah.
* Glad tidings of Jannah.
* The authenticity of Divine Revelation.
* The primary assertion of the Surah, viz. that those who refuse to believe that Allaah is the Only source of blessings will suffer punishment in both worlds.

SURAH 70: SURAH MA’AARIJ
THE STAIRCASE

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

Surah Ma’aarij contains the following:

* Warning of punishment in the Aakhirah.
* Glad tidings in the Aakhirah.

SURAH 71: SURAH NOOH (AS)
NOOH (AS)

Surah Haaqa is followed by Surah Ma’aarij, which condemns the Mushrikeen for their foolishness in asking for Allaah’s punishment instead of heeding the warnings. After these Surahs, Surah Noah and Surah Jinn quote further proofs to substantiate the belief. Surah Nooh contains a detailed quoted proof from the life and teachings of Nooh e.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

Surah Nooh contains the following:

* Nooh e preaches to his people, and they reject his message and behave haughtily.
* An illustration is given about how the Kuffaar are destroyed.
* Logical proofs contained in Nooh e’s preaching.
* The essence of the Surah is that no deficiency should take place in the preaching of Towheed. It must be preached with tolerance and determination, despite the obstacles that the Kuffaar may place.

SURAH 72: SURAH JINN
THE JINN

Surah Jinn now presents similar proofs from the statements of the Mu’mineen Jinn to prove this belief. People are informed in this Surah that even the Jinn listen to the Qur’aan and preach Towheed to their species.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

Surah Jinn contains the following:

* Quoted proofs from the Jinn.
* The concept of Towheed.

SURAH 73: SURAH MUZZAMMIL
THE ONE WRAPPED IN A SHAWL

Surah Muzzammil contains the instruction to recite the Qur’aan properly, while Surah Muddathir exhorts the Muslims that they should confine themselves not only to the recitation of the Qur’aan, but they should also propagate its injunctions, especially that of Towheed.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first nine verses of the Surah contain the first instruction to stand in prayer (Tahajjud salaah) for a part of the night, in which the Qur’aan should be recited. A1laah should then be worshipped in earnestness and no partners should be associated with Him.

Thereafter, verses 10 and 11 console Rasulullaah s by telling him not to be grieved by what the Kuffaar say because Allaah will settle their affair. Allaah then warns the Kuffaar and the Mushrikeen about the various forms of punishment that they will have to suffer in the Aakhirah [verses 12 to 14]

From the words “Verily We have sent a Rasool (Muhammad s) to you people …” until the end of verse 16, Allaah reminds the Mushrikeen that He has sent to them a great prophet, just as He had sent a prophet to Fir’oun. When Fir’oun refused to believe in Moosa e and rejected his message, Allaah destroyed him along with his entire army. Allaah warns the Mushrikeen that they will also suffer Allaah’s punishment if they choose to oppose Rasulullaah s.

In verses 17 and 18, Allaah again warns people about the Aakhirah, reminding them that punishment in this world will not end the affair, but they will have to suffer dreadful consequences in the Aakhirah as well. Thereafter, Allaah impresses upon them that they should follow the advice of the Qur’aan, when He says, “(All of) This (already mentioned) is advice indeed. So whoever wishes to do so, should adopt a path (the path of Islaam) to (attain the pleasure of) his Rabb.

The concluding verse of the Surah is related to the beginning of the Surah because of its reference to performing salaah during the late hours of the night. Allaah says that He is Aware of that fact that some people are ill, some are weak, others are on journey and there are those who are fighting in Jihaad. Therefore, Allaah makes the concession that people can perform the Tahajjud salaah as they please, without any compulsion. Therein, they may recite as much of the Qur’aan as they can manage.

SURAH 74: SURAH MUDDATHIR
THE ONE WRAPPED IN A BLANKET

Surah Muzzammil conveyed the message that people should recite the Qur’aan and remain steadfast on their belief in Towheed. Surah Muddathir goes a step further by saying that, not only should people recite the Qur’aan and practise it, but they should also actively involve themselves in propagating Towheed as well as every other injunction of the Qur’aan.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The beginning six verses of the Surah contain the following primary instructions:

* Warn others against Allaah’s punishment.
* Speak about Towheed.
* Proclaim Allaah’s purity from all partners.

Thereafter, Allaah gives encouragement to Rasulullaah s in verse 7. Verses 8 to 10 proceed to warn people that the inevitable Day of Judgement will be difficult for the Kuffaar. In verses 11 to 16, A1laah severely rebukes those who reject the message of Islam, more particularly a Mushrik by the name of Waleed bin Mugheera. The punishment in store for such people in the Aakhirah is then mentioned in verses 17 to 31.

Allaah condemns these people further in verses 32 to 38, after which He conveys glad tidings to the Mu’mineen in verses 39 and 40. From verse 41 up to verse 48, A1laah speaks about how the Kuffaar and sinners will admit their sins on the Day of Qiyaamah and realise that they are suffering on account of the same.

The concluding eight verses of the Surah describe how the Kuffaar flee from the message of Towheed and other advice just as donkeys flee from a lion. They demand that Allaah personally conveys the message to them, a demand which will never be realised.

SURAH 75: SURAH QIYAAMAH
(THE DAY OF) QIYAAMAH

Allaah emphasises belief in Qiyaamah from Surah Qiyaamah up to the end of Surah Taariq (Surah 86). Since Towheed is the central belief of a Mu’min, it is also repeatedly mentioned in many of the Surahs.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

In the first two verses, Allaah takes two oaths to emphasise that the advent of Qiyaamah is inevitable.

In verses 7 to 15, A1laah warns people about the Aakhirah, after which He addresses Rasulullaah s . Allaah conveys the message to Rasulullaah s that He can easily embed the Qur’aan within Rasulullaah s’s heart without any effort just as He can combine the sun and the moon and resurrect people with as fine a detail as their fingerprints.

Allaah then chides people in verses 20 and 21 for preferring the world to the Aakhirah. Thereafter, Allaah speaks about the good fortune of certain People, when he says, “Many faces (the faces of the people in Jannah) on that day (of Qiyaamah) will be resplendent, looking at their Rabb.” On the contrary, there will be those not so fortunate, who will have to suffer punishment on the Day of Qiyaamah, as mentioned in verses 24 to 30.

In the remaining verses of the Surah, Allaah again condemns people, especially those who think that man has not been created for a purpose. Allaah also conveys the message that He can easily resurrect people because he created them the first time.

SURAH 76: SURAH INSAAN / SURAH DAHAR
MAN

Surah Dahar negates Shirk (the antithesis of Towheed) in verses 25 and 26.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first three verses of the Surah discuss the creative power of Allaah, Who has created man from a single drop of fluid. It will therefore be simple for Allaah to resurrect people on the Day of Judgement.

Allaah proceeds to encourage Rasulullaah s in verse 24, exhorting him to continue propagation even though the Kuffaar will not relent in their opposition.

In verse 24, Allaah again tells man that He is Able to resurrect him on the Day of Qiyaamah, just as He was Able to create him initially.

SURAH 77: SURAH MURSALAAT
THE (WINDS) RELEASED

Surah Dahar explains how Allaah created man, so that people may understand the occurrence of resurrection. Surah Mursalaat goes further to explain the occurrences after resurrection i.e. rewards and punishment. The opening verses of the Surah speak about gentle winds and destructive winds so that one may realise that, on the Day of Qiyaamah, Allaah’s mercy will envelope some people, whereas others will suffer His wrath and punishment.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first logical proof in substantiation of Qiyaamah is mentioned in verses 20 to 23, where Allaah says that he can easily resurrect people just as He created them the first time. Thereafter, the second logical proof follows in verses 25 and 26, to be followed by the third and the fourth in verse 27. In these verses, Allaah speaks about the way in which He created the earth to contain animate as well as inanimate creatures. He placed the high mountains on it and gave people sweet, palatable water to drink. Can people possibly be ungrateful to Him after this and reject His message? Allaah then describes Jahannam in verses 30 to 39 as a warning to those who refuse to submit to Him.

[verses 41 to 44]. These verses speak about the bounties that Allaah’s righteous servants will receive in Jannah. In Jannah, they will enjoy springs of the most appetising drinks and any fruit they desire. The concluding five verses of the Surah condemn the Kuffaar for their obstinate behaviour.