27th Taraweeh Summary

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27TH TARAWEEH
FROM SURAH FAJR TILL AYAT 6 OF SURAH NAAS
PAGE 833 TILL 848

SURAH 89: SURAH FAJR

THE DAWN

Surah Fajr discusses one of the two themes propounded in Surah A’la, viz. abstinence from the world. It elucidates the corrupted and transitory nature of this world. While Surah Ghaashiya serves as a conclusion to Surah A’la, Surah Fajr is an extension to one of its themes.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first five verses of the Surah emphasise five specific times when people should pay special attention to supplicating to Allaah and forsake their pursuit of the world.

[verse 6]. Here Allaah cites the first example of how people were punished in this very world. The nation of Aad preferred this world to the Aakhirah, which led to their destruction.

Allaah then cites the second and third examples of this kind in verses 9 and 10 respectively. Here, Allaah speaks about the destruction of the Thamud and Fir’oun, who were also destroyed by Allaah’s punishment when they denied the belief in Towheed and Qiyaamah.

Verses 15 and 16 condemn man for regarding the material gains of this world to be the criterion for honour and respect. From verse 17 to verse 20, A11aah censures man for a series of iniquities, each being worse than the other. The Surah then terminates with mention of the punishment of the Aakhirah in verses 21 to 26, followed by glad tidings of salvation in the concluding four verses.

SURAH 90: SURAH BALAD
THE CITY

Surah Balad serves as an epilogue to Surah Fajr. While Surah Fajr condemned excessive love of this world, Surah Balad counsels man with regard to where this wealth should be spent. The Surah conveys the message that wealth should not merely be accumulated, but it should be spent in the way that Allaah has ordained. There will be no virtue in spending one’s wealth in the wrong ways. Then too, spending for correct causes will also be worthless when the person spending is not a Mu’min.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first four verses of the Surah warns people about the detrimental repercussions of sins in this very world.

In verses 5 to 16, Allaah censures man for thinking that none has power over him. Verse 17 cautions people that they should first be Mu’mineen before spending on the deserving ones mentioned earlier in the Surah.

“These are the people of the right.” Here Allaah praises those people who spend for the correct causes while in the state of Imaan. The last three verses of the Surah speak about the “people of the left,” who are destined for Jahannam.

SURAH 91: SURAH SHAMS
THE SUN

Both Surah Shams and Surah Layl repeat both themes of Surah A’la, viz. Towheed and abstinence from the world. Surah Shams clearly differentiates between correct and erroneous beliefs, making it clear that these can never be the same. Surah Layl clarifies that fact that good and evil deeds can never be the same: a generous person cannot be equated to a miser, nor can a Mu’min be equated to a Kaafir.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

In drawing comparisons between light and darkness, between day and night, and between the sky and the earth, the first ten verses denote that the pure soul which is free from kufr and Shirk can never be compared to the evil soul which is contaminated with kufr and Shirk.

The remaining verses of the Surah cite the example of how the Thamud were destroyed when they rejected the belief in Towheed and failed to purify their souls. Similar will be the predicament of any other individual or nation that follows their example.

SURAH 92: SURAH LAYL
THE NIGHT

Like Surah Shams, Surah Layl differentiates between correct and erroneous beliefs.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

This Surah may be summarised as follows:

Verses 1 to 4 say that just as day and night, and male and female are different, so too are deeds. Good and evil deeds can never be the same.

Verses 5 to 13 explains the above.

Verses 14to 16 warn about the terrible consequences to be faced in the Aakhirah.

* Verses 17 to 21 convey glad tidings of rewards to be received in the Aakhirah.

SURAH 93: SURAH DUHA
THE LIGHT OF DAY

While Surah Layl terminates the discussion that began with Surah A’ia, Surahs Duha and Inshiraah proceed to console Rasulullaah s so that he may never grow despondent when propagating the message of the beliefs of Islaam.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first five verses of the Surah reply to an objection raised by the Mushrikeen, reassuring Rasulullaah s that Allaah has not forsaken him, and will soon grant him even more. The remaining verses cite certain oaths by which the reassurance is consolidated.

SURAH 94: SURAH INSHIRAAH
THE EXPANDING

Whereas Surah Duha consoled Rasulullaah s when the Mushrikeen raised an objection, Surah Inshiraah consoles the Mu’mineen because the Mushrikeen taunted them for being impoverished.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The opening four verses of the Surah state that Allaah opened Rasulullaah s’s heart to contain Islaam and kept kufr and Shirk far away from him.

The concluding verses of the Surah then urge the Mu’mineen that they should not be engrossed in worldly wealth, but should devote their attention to Allaah.

SURAH 95: SURAH TEEN
THE FIG

Surah Duha consoles Rasulullaah s, while Surah Inshiraah consoles the Mu’mineen. Now Surah Teen cites five proofs by which it is established that man has attained a high status solely because of his belief in Towheed. Allaah has granted man beauty as well as intellect so that he may understand the truth. However, due to his inability to use this intellect, he has rejected the truth and lowered himself by earning the lowest levels of Jahannam.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The first four verses of the Surah present four proofs to substantiate the fact that man has been created in the best of moulds. Verse 5 mentions the punishment for evildoers, after which verse 6 makes an exception of the Mu’mineen, for they will receive grand rewards from Allaah. Allaah then concludes the Surah by stating the final proof.

SURAH 96: SURAH ALAQ
THE CLOT

After the consolation, warnings and tidings mentioned in the previous Surahs, Surah Alaq urges Muslims to constantly recite the Qur’aan, thereby deriving encouragement to remain steadfast in their belief in Towheed.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

Surah Alaq may be summarised as follows:

* In verses 1 to 5, A1laah advises Rasulullaah s not to be perturbed by his opponents and to continue reciting the Qur’aan and propagating Islaam taking Allaah’s name.
* Verses 6 and 7 highlight man is insolence, while verse 8 warns people that they will have to return to Allaah.
* In verses 9 to 14 the rebellious and insubordinate are rebuked.
* Verses 15 to 18 warn about the Aakhirah.
* Verse 19 addresses Rasulullaah s and urges steadfastness.

SURAH 97: SURAH QADR
THE (NIGHT OF) POWER

While Surah Alaq urges recitation of the Qur’aan, Surah Qadr highlights the grandeur of the Qur’aan.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The Surah emphasises that the Qur’aan is a glorious and blessed book and should be recited. It is so great that it has lent excellence to the night in which it was revealed. As a result, this night is better than a thousand months.

THE PROOF
SURAH 98: SURAH BAYYINAH

Whereas Surah Qadr highlights the grandeur of the Qur’aan, Surah Bayyinah emphasises the obstinacy of the Mushrikeen, who raise objections against a Book as superb as the Qur’aan.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

* Verses 1 to 5 highlight the obstinacy and rejection of the Jews and the Christians.
* Verse 6 warns the Kuffaar and Mushrikeen.
* Verses 7 and 8 convey glad tidings to the Mu’mineen about their salvation in the Aakhirah.

SURAH 99: SURAH ZILZAAL
THE EARTHQUAKE

Surah Bayyinah talks about the obstinacy and rebelliousness of the Kuffaar. Now, Surah Zilzaal warns the same Kuffaar about the punishment they stand to suffer.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The Surah describes how the earth will convulse in a tremendous earthquake when the trumpet is blown for the first time on the Day of Qiyaamah. The quake will be so severe that nothing on earth will survive. Even the mountains will be reduced to dust and the rivers and oceans will dry up.

SURAH 100: SURAH AADIYAAT
THE PANTING HORSES

Surah Zilzaal warns the Kuffaar about the punishment of the Aakhirah. Surah Aadiyaat focuses on the injustice of these very Kuffaar.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

* Verses 1 to 6 refer to the disease of ingratitude that man shows towards Allaah.
* Verses 7 and 8 point out the cause of this disease, which is man’s intense love for material wealth.
* Verses 9 to 11 prescribe the cure for this disease, which will be administered on the Day of Qiyaamah.

SURAH 101: SURAH QAARI’AH
THE KNOCKER

Whilst Surah Aadiyaat speaks about man’s injustice, Surah Qaari’ah warns about the punishment in the Aakhirah for such injustice.

SURAH 102: SURAH TAKAATHUR
RIVALRY IN AMASSING WEALTH

Whereas Surah Qaari’ah contained warnings, glad tidings and objections, Surah Takaathur resumes the subject of abstinence from the world.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

* Condemnation of amassing wealth.
* The abomination of boasting.

SURAH 103: SURAH·ASR
TIME

In comparison to Surah Takaathur, Surah Asr goes a step further in expounding the theme of abstinence from material things. Whereas Surah Takaathur cautions people against boasting about wealth and children, Surah Asr reminds man to reflect upon the vicissitudes of time. People are urged to contemplate over the repercussions that their forefathers felt when they took excessive pride in the material profits of this world. The only profit they emerged with was remorse and regret.

SURAH 104: SURAH HUMAZA
THOSE WHO SEARCH FOR FAULTS

After addressing the issues of abstinence from the world, amassing wealth, and boasting about the same in the previous Surahs, Surah Humaza talks about the punishment to be faced by people engaging in the above.

SURAH 105: SURAH FEEL
THE ELEPHANT

Whereas asceticism and punishment for the Kuffaar in the Aakhirah has already been discussed in the previous Surahs, Surah Feel proceeds to warn people about the worldly consequences of kufr. Allaah depicts the destruction of people who, because of their intoxication with the material profits of this world, attempted to destroy the nucleus of Imaan and Towheed, viz. the Kabah. The only method of securing salvation in both the worlds is to inculcate the attributes described in SurahAsr.

SURAH 106: SURAH QURAYSH
THE QURAYSH

AlIaah destroyed those who tried to demolish the heart of Towheed (as mentioned in Surah Feel), thereby further facilitating the summer and winter trade journeys of the Quraysh. It was therefore necessary that the Quraysh also worship Allaah, refrain from Shirk and not be blinded by the love of material wealth.

SURAH 107: SURAH MAA’OON
MINOR ARTICLES

This Surah also encourages abstinence from the world. At the same time, it also rebukes those who do not spend on the poor and the orphans, as well as those who are negligent of their salaah.

SURAH 108: SURAH KOWTHAR
ABUNDANCE

The central theme of this Surah is Towheed, rather than abstinence, which was the core subject of the previous Surahs. The Surah consoles Rasulullaah s. while also refuting Shirk in beliefs and in action. Surah Kowthar also sounds a warning to the Mushrikeen.

Surah Kowthar discusses one of the two core themes initiated in Surah A’la viz. Towheed. It discusses this because it refutes Shirk, the antithesis of Towheed.

SURAH 109: SURAH KAAFIROON
THE KAAFIROON

The central theme of the Surah is Towheed and a refutation of Shirk.

Similarly, Surah Kaafiroon issues the ultimatum to the Kuffaar, telling them that, after much discussion, if they still choose not to take heed, they will be left to their own devices.

SURAH 110: SURAH NASR
THE HELP

Allaah consoles Rasulullaah s in this Surah, telling him that he is guaranteed victory after announcing his disassociation from the Kuffaar.

SURAH 111: SURAH LAHAB
THE FLAME

Allaah already made it clear that the Kuffaar should be ignored if they refuse to take heed after lengthy attempts at persuading them. Allaah will still grant victory to the Muslims and destroy the Kuffaar. Surah Lahab now describes how a particular Kaafir was destroyed.

SURAH 112: SURAH IKHLAAS
SINCERITY

This Surah contains a clear, unequivocal declaration of Towheed. It is on account of rejecting this Towheed that the Kuffaar will be destroyed and the Muslims will attain victory.

SURAH 113: SURAH FALAQ
THE MORNING

Once Towheed is made clear and expounded in no uncertain terms, the Kuffaar will attempt to employ dubious means of harming the Muslims, like how they used black magic against Rasulullaah s. By frequently reciting these concluding Surahs of the Qur’aan (Surahs Falaq and Naas) , one will be unharmed by the effect of black magic.

SURAH 114: SURAH NAAS
MANKIND

This Surah makes reference to all three levels of Towheed contained in Surohs An’aam, Hadeed, and Hashar.

* “The Rabb of mankind” refers to the first level i.e. the fact that Allaah is man’s Nourisher and Nurturer.
* “The King of mankind” refers to the second level i.e. He is the Only Sovereign in control of everything.
* ’’The Ilaah of mankind” refers to the third level i.e. Only He is worthy of worship and Only He should be supplicated to in times of difficulty.