THE OBJECTIVE OF SLAUGHTERING
The objective of slaughtering the Qurbaani animal is solely for the pleasure of Allaah (SAW) and out of honor for Him. A person should slaughter with the thought of it being worship, he should not slaughter with the intention to eat or to show people.
WHERE TO PLACE THE KNIFE WHEN SLAUGHTERING
…..The place of slaughter is below the protruding bone which is below the chin and above the spot where the chest begins. It is mentioned in Jami’ us Sagheer that the entire throat is a place of slaughter. It does not matter whether it is higher up, in the middle or lower down.
…..If the animal was slaughtered at a spot above the chin, then it will not be Haraam.
THE SLAUGHTERER MUST BE A MUSLIM
If the slaughterer is a Muslim, then it does not matter whether the one who catches the animal is a polytheist or a Muslim. It is not compulsory upon the one catching the animal to say بسم الله الله اكبر . There is no benefit in saying if the one catching is a polytheist.
If a polytheist participates in the slaughtering, then the animal will not be Halaal and it will not be permissible to consume the meat and the Qurbaani will not be valid. For this reason, one should not let a non believer or polytheist participate in the Qurbaani. The polytheist should not be given a chance to push the hand of the Muslim while slaughtering, nor should he give his hand in support while stroking the knife. If there is a need for help, then he should only hold the animal.
THE DIRECTION THE SLAUGHTERER FACES
It is Sunnah for the slaughterer to face the Qiblah. It is Makruh to leave it out for no reason.
SHARING AFTER SLAUGHTERING
After slaughtering the animal, it is not valid to change or alter the shares. If someone did so, then the Shari’ah does not consider it at all.
The Qurbaani will be valid for all those for whom it was intended before slaughtering. The Qurbaani of the one who was made a partner after slaughtering is not valid.
CONDITIONS FOR SLAUGHTERING
…..The slaughterer should be a Muslim or a person from the people of the book.
…..The name of Allaah should be taken at the time of slaughtering.
…..The food pipe, wind pipe and veins should be cut in accordance to the Shari’ah.
Note: These are the conditions for Ikhtiyaari slaughter. The conditions for Idtiraari slaughter are different.
HOW SHOULD THE ANIMAL BE MADE TO LAY DOWN WHEN SLAUGHTERING
…..It is Mustahab to lay the animal down on its right side, facing the Qibla. A person should place his foot upon it and slaughter.
…..The meaning of placing the animal down facing the Qibla is that just as the deceased is laid down in the grave such that the head is on the right and the feet are on the left. In a similar manner, the animal should be placed down on its right side facing the Qibla. If there is some excuse or some difficulty in doing it this way, then any way will suffice.
IF AT THE TIME OF SLAUGHTERING THE INTENTION SLIPPED THE MIND
A person made the intention of Qurbaani when he purchased the animal. At the time of slaughtering, he did not think of the intention, the Qurbaani will be done. There is no need for another Qurbaani.
CAUSING PAIN WHILE SLAUGHTERING
It is not permissible to give the animal unnecessary difficulty. There is severe warning regarding it. Consequently, we have been advised to sharpen the knife and to slaughter quickly. Once the four pipes have been cut, it is also prohibited to carry on stroking the knife. This is so that the animal is not given difficulty without any necessity.
SLAUGHTERING AT NIGHT
It is permissible to slaughter the Qurbaani animal during the nights from the 10th of Dhul Hijjah to the 12th of Dhul Hijjah just as it is permissible to slaughter during the day. In today’s time, there is probably electricity found everywhere. There is so much light that no doubt can remain with regards to any vein being cut.
SLAUGHTERING AN ANIMAL WITH A TUMOR
It is permissible to slaughter an animal that has a tumor.
FOUR VEINS TO BE CUT
The four veins should be cut at the times of slaughtering that are on the right and left of the windpipe. If three are cut, then too it is valid and it will be Halaal to consume it. If only two were cut, then the animal is carrion and it will be Haraam to consume it. If a person forgets, then it will be valid to eat it.
SLAUGHTERING BY THE HUSBAND OF A WOMAN WHO COMMITS ADULTERY
Adultery is impermissible and forbidden. It is necessary to repent and seek forgiveness if one has done it, otherwise there will be severe punishment for it in the Aakhirah. A person will not be able to bear it. However, it is Halaal to consume the animal that has been slaughtered at the hands of an adulteress’s husband. It does not matter whether he stops her from this evil action or not. In both cases, the animal slaughtered by him will be Halaal. However, he will be sinful if he does not stop his wife from this evil action. If he does not divorce her by her not stopping it, then he will be a Dayyooth.
A LIVE CALF COMES OUT
…..After slaughtering a Qurbaani animal, it is found that a live calf came out, then it should be slaughtered as well, and if it comes out dead, then it is not permissible to use in any way.
If it (the calf) is not slaughtered during the days of Qurbaani, then it should be given in charity once the days of Qurbaani pass. If this calf is slaughtered the next year as Qurbaani, then the compulsory Qurbaani will not be fulfilled and it will be necessary to give the calf of the slaughtered animal in charity. If the value of the animal has come down because of slaughtering, then it will be necessary to give that amount in charity as well. It will be necessary to slaughter another animal for Qurbaani in its place.
…..If the Qurbaani animal has given birth just before slaughtering, then the ruling for the calf will be the same as mentioned above.
SLAUGHTERING BY A DUMB PERSON
The slaughtered animal of a dumb person is Halaal. It is permissible to eat of its meat because the dumb person is excused from reciting بسم الله الله اكبر at the time of slaughter.
QURBAANI ON BEHALF OF EVERY PERSON OF THE HOUSEHOLD
If there are a number of individuals in one home and all of them are sahib-e-nisaab, and one share of Qurbaani is compulsory upon each one of them. So, in this case, it will not be sufficient to slaughter one small animal on behalf of every person of the household, or one person’s Qurbaani will not be sufficient for every individual of the home. In this case, it is necessary for every individual to make a separate share of Qurbaani. Each one should make a Qurbaani of a small animal or seven individuals can join in a big animal.
DO NOT CUT OFF ANY PART OF A LIVING ANIMAL
It is not permissible and forbidden to cut off any limb of a living animal. For this reason, after slaughtering, no limb should be severed until the animal has become cool, otherwise it will not be permissible to consume that particular limb.