PUTTING AN ANIMAL DOWN USING A GUN
….. If an animal is hunted using a gun and dies before one has the opportunity to slaughter it, such an animal will be Haraam. It will be considered to be carrion and is not permissible to eat.
….. If a person at the time of firing the bullet says “Bismillah Allahu Akbar” and the animal is reached while it is still alive and one then recites “Bismillah Allahu Akbar” and slaughters it, it will be Halaal otherwise it will be Haraam.
SLAUGHTERING BY ONE WHO DOES NOT PERFORM SALAAH
….. It will be permissible to eat the meat of an animal slaughtered by a Muslim who does not perform Salaah, does not keep fast, does not remain in a state of ritual purity and also consumes alcohol in spite of all these actions. Such a Qurbaani will be in order and Halaal provided he did not give up reciting “Bismillah Allahu Akbar” at the time of slaughtering.
MAKING AN ANIMAL UNCONSCIOUS AND SLAUGHTERING
To render an animal unconscious by shooting it in the head or stunning it is not in keeping with the method of slaughtering according to the Sunnah method and Islaamic teachings. There is a strong presumption of the animal being Haraam in such a case. If the death of the animal is certain due to the infliction of such an injury, it is useless to even pass the knife over its throat, for the animal will already be Haraam.
THE ANIMAL SHOULD SUFFER AS LITTLE AS POSSIBLE
….. At the time of slaughtering due arrangements must be made to ensure that the animals suffer as little as possible because of which the command is for one to ensure that the knife is very sharp and that an animal must not be slaughtered where it can be seen by other animals. The required veins should be properly severed so that life leaves the animal easily. The knife should not be sharpened in front of the animals.
INTENDING TO SLAUGHTER AN ANIMAL RAISED AS A PET FOR QURBAANI
….. An intention was made to slaughter an animal which was raised as a pet in the home for Qurbaani during the days of Qurbaani. Due to this intention it will not be compulsory to make Qurbaani of such an animal. It is permissible to exchange or even sell such an animal. (Thus, it will not be compulsory for the person who owned this animal and made such an intention to make Qurbaani of that animal.)
GIVING WATER TO DRINK
….. It is Mustahab to give the Qurbaani animal water to drink before slaughtering it.
….. If milk from one udder of a goat or sheep is not coming down slaughtering it for Qurbaani is not valid, for this is an animal that has a defect and by slaughtering a defective animal the Qurbaani is not sound.
….. If milk from both udders of a cow, buffalo or camel is not coming down, slaughtering it for Qurbaani is not sound either.
….. If the udder of an animal is cut or injured to such an extent that it’s young is unable to drink milk there from, then too, making Qurbaani of such an animal is not valid.
….. If one udder of a camel, cow or buffalo happens to dry up, Qurbaani of such an animal will still be permissible but if both udders become dry or get cut, Qurbaani will not be permissible.
….. An animal whose udders have already become dry cannot be selected for Qurbaani.
….. Qurbaani of an animal which does not have udders is not valid.
….. A person purchases an animal for Qurbaani and later finds out that it was a stolen. If the person bought it from the person who had stolen it, Qurbaani will not be permissible. It will be necessary to buy another animal and make Qurbaani.
….. If after the animal is slaughtered, the actual owner gives permission, it will in order to eat the meat, otherwise not.
SLAUGHTERING A BRANDED ANIMAL FOR QURBAANI
The slaughtering of branded animals for Qurbaani is permitted without any abhorrence because the branding is done for sound reasons and this does not affect the meat in any way whatsoever.
QUBAANI ON BEHALF OF ANOTHER PERSON
….. It is necessary to take permission from a person when performing his Waajib Qurbaani otherwise, that person’s Waajib Qurbaani will not be fulfilled.
….. If the practice and custom in an area is to perform Qurbaani on behalf of one’s family members then in such places making Waajib Qurbaani on behalf of family members and relatives will be valid even though done without their permission.
….. If this practice or custom is not found in an area, it will not be valid to make Qurbaani on their behalf without their permission. If this is done, their Qurbaani will not be fulfilled.
….. Permission to make Nafl Qurbaani on behalf of someone else is not necessary.
….. It is permissible to make Nafl Qurbaani on behalf of both living and dead people because the owner of the Nafl Qurbaani is the one who is slaughtering it while the person on behalf of whom it is being made merely receives the reward thereof.
….. Look under the section on, “Sending money and making Qurbaani in another country.”
SLAUGHTERING WITH ONE’S OWN HANDS
….. It is better to slaughter one’s Qurbaani animal with one’s own hands. If one does not know how to slaughter, one can get it done by someone else but it is better to remain standing before the animal at the time of it being slaughtered. And one should also make Talqeen of “بسم الله ألله أكبر” so that the one slaughtering does not make a mistake.
….. Zabah Ikhtiyari means slaughtering an animal with a sharp edged object or slaughtering a camel by piercing its throat.
….. Zabah Idhtirari means wounding an animal with a sharp edged knife or pointed instrument after saying “Bismillaah Allaahu Akbar” on any part of the body possible so that it can bleed out. This Idhtirari Zabah is acceptable in the case where an animal cannot be controlled sufficiently enough to allow for it to be slaughtered in the normal manner. As an example, an animal is bogged down in mud and in trying to pull it out, it is now on the verge of death or if it has fallen into a trench or well and cannot be removed alive. In such cases slaughtering in this way is acceptable.
MASNOON METHOD OF SLAUGHTERING
Hadhrat Anas (RA) narrates that Rasulullaah (SAW) slaughtered two horned rams that were black and white in colour. He slaughtered them himself. He recited بسم الله الله أكبر at the time of slaughtering. I saw that he placed his foot in the animals side and he was saying بسم الله الله أكبر . [Bukhaari and Muslim]
IT IS NOT NECESSARY TO MENTION THE NAMES OF SHAREHOLDERS WHEN SLAUGHTERING
It is not necessary to take the name of every shareholder at the time of making Qurbaani. The person slaughtering should think of all the shareholders in his heart at the time of slaughter. There is also no problem if the objective of taking their names is to inform the shareholders.