Tafseer of the Quraan by the Akaabir

Question ID: 26579

Assalamu Alaykum,

Our akaabireen Ulama e Deoband achieved a high rank in Ilm, Amal and Taqwa. As far as Ilm is concerned, our Akaabireen of Deoband are famous for their excellence in Hadith and Fiqh.
However,as far as Tafseer of the Quran Majeed is concerned, not much is mentioned about it. Mufassireen among the Ulama e Deoband are not mentioned.
I only know of two Ulama amongst our Akaabireen who had very great knowledge of Tafseer, Maulana Ahmed Ali Lahori and Maulana Shams ul Haq Afghani.
Hazrat, I would be very grateful if you tell me names of some of our Akaabir who had a very high rank in the Ilm of Tafseer of the Quraan Majeed i.e Mufassireen among the Ulama e Deoband.

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Asked on August 22, 2014 5:10 pm
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This is in an article we have written on the services of Deoband. Therein lies your answer:


Why Deobandiat?


Why must we follow Deobandis and why must we have this included in our Constitution?


To recognize Allaah via the Shariat as expounded by the Shariat and elucidated by the last and final Nabi, Hadhrat Muhammad is our Deen. This is what makes us Muslims.

Now to be elucidated and nurtured spiritually and academically we require to follow those who have sacrificed their lives and serviced this Deen in every one of its fields. Ibn Sireen has stated in Mishkaat that:

Deen is of vital importance, be cautious as from who you seek it.

If one understands Ibn Sireen statement and the gigantic academic services of the Ulema of Deoband then one need not investigate further on.

However, due to the lack of informative and general deprivation of knowledge, we find ourselves in the need to expound.

The former Rector of Darul Uloom Deoband, Hadhrat Qari Muhammad Tayyob Sb writes:

The Ulema of Deoband are Muslims by Deen, Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah by Sect, Hanafi by Madhab, Sufi by Temperament, followers of Imaam Matureedi in our Definition of Beliefs, Chisti infact followers of all the (Sufi) paths as far as Tasawwuf is concerned, followers of Shah Waliullaah in Thought, followers of Moulana Qasim Nanotwi in our Principles, followers of Moulana Rasheed Ahmed (Gungohi) in Secondary Principles (Furoo), and Deobandi in Relationship (Nisbat).

The Anthem says:
This is a cradle of Ilm and Science, a masterpiece of history. Every flower here is a spark, every tree here is a Minaret.


Infact, Ulema-e-Deobandaccept the Ilm Kalaam of the Ashaaria School of Thought pertaining to Beliefs, also.

Moreover, they recognize all four Fiqhi (Jurisprudic) Schools without forcing anyone to change or to become a Hanafi.

They are Muqaladeen, followers of only one Fiqh (School of Jurisprudic way).

Deoband is not a name of a building; it is a most comprehensive academy, embracing methodology, promoting Tauheed, safe-guarding and practising the Sunnat, whilst defending Islaam from every evil deviation.

Those who adhere to the above principles, regardless of whether they come out of Darul Uloom Deoband or not, will naturally uphold and promote this Tact (Maslak).

This leaves hundreds and thousands of Ulema from Deoband Hafadh, Quraa, Mufasireen, Muhaditheen, Safiyaa, and Mubalhigheen.

In every established Deeni science they excelled to par excellent levels. This Illustrious group of Ulema-e-Deoband (springing forth from Darul Uloom Deoband, Deoband, District Musafarnagar, U.P. India) have spread like-Institutions all across the entire world and have collectively achieved un-paralleled achievements and results. Is there any other group that has collectively done what the pious and erudite Scholars of Deoband have done?


1)Tafseer: Over 150 Commentaries in Arabic and Urdu. (i.e. Allamah Afghani??s writing of 10 volumes on the First Para of Quraan alone.)


2)Fiqh: life and works of Moulana Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi, Mufti Azzizur Rahmaan Delhlavi, Mufti Muhammad Kifatullaah, and Mufti Muhammad Shafi Deobandi.

The Anthem says:
??History records the stories of the lovers of Allaah here.


Sheikh ul-Hind was asked about his writings; he replied look at my students for in every field an erudite Scholar arose:

1)In Quraan Allamah Shabeer Ahmed Usmaani


2)In Fiqh Mufti Azzizur Rahmaan Dehlavi and Mufti Kifatullaah


3)In Politics Moulana Ubaidullaah Sindhi .


4)In Tassawuf Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi .


5)In Sabr, tolerance, forebearance, and wisdom Moualana Hussein Ahmed Madani


6)In Dawat and Tabligh Moulana Ilyaas Khandehlvi

The Anthem says:
??The poetry of Rumi, the thought of Raazi, and the advice of Ghazali are bright here; through the beauty of Anwar the vessel of Fakhr ud Deen avalaible here.

The Glorious History of Islaam repeats itself via the Ulema-e-Deoband:

1)We have Imaam Abu Hanifa in Fiqh, followed by Moulana Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi of Deoband.


2)We have the steadfastness of Imaam Hambal,followed by Sheikhul Hind?? Moulana Mahmud-ul-Hassan Deobandi


3)One has the Teacher-Student combination in Quraan (Suyutis of Jalalain), followed by Moulana Mahmud-ul-Hassan Deoband (the Teacher) and Allamah Shabeer Ahmed Usmaani (the Student).


4)It is as to say that ??Bukhaari was compiled for a commentary to be written by Allamah Shah Kashmiri


5)Muslim was compiled for a commentary to be penned by Allamah Shabeer Ahmed Usmaani entitled ??Fatul Mulhim


6)Abu Dawood was compiled for a commentary to be written by Moulana Khalil Ahmed Saharanpuri called Badhul Majhood.


7)Muatta Imaam Malik was compiled for a commentary by Sheikhul Hadeeth Muhammad Zakariyya .A 10 Volume Commentary called Awjazul Maslik, making Hadhrat Imaam Malik resemble a Hanafi.


8)Services to the Quraan by Moulana Ahmed Ali Lahani which resulted in a fragrance that emanated from his grave for six months after his burial.


9)Commentary of Abu Dawood by Moulana Zafar Ahmed Thanvi in 21 Volumes called Illai Sunnan


10)Allamah Kauthari states that Allamah Anwar Shah Kashmiri is like Ibnul Hummam.Allamah Anwar Shah Kashmiri is the writer of Faydul Bari Commentary of Bukhaari and Al-Arfush Shadhi Commentary of Tirmidhi.

The Anthem says:
Many Azeez of this gathering are the breath that brightens life within us, this melody of the provision of meanings give us the ache of conviction.


These are our Elders; bring a likeliness if you have.

Darul Uloom Deoband, established in 1866, spread to every part of the then un-divided Indo-Pak sub-continent. Reaching as far as Makkah in the form of its Madressah Madressah Sawlathee which is still in existence to date. Even in Madinah an Institute on the lines of Darul Uloom Deoband was established by the brothers of Moulana Hussein Ahmed Madani .

In every part of the present world the Ulema of Deoband are actively and successfully serving Deen. Sheikh Abdullaah Bin Subayyal of the Haram of Makkah acknowledged the extent of this in his statement:

The Ulema of Deoband are serving 2/3s of the Ummah in Deen.

After noting the clear success of their methodology, is there any reason why we should not adhere to it?

Read the History of the martyrs of India, written in the blood of the Ulema of Deoband, from Balakot to Shamili.

When one studies the lives of the Scholars of Old, for example, Imaam Gazzali , Imaam Fakrudeen Razi , Allamah Rumi , Allamah Ibn Hummam , Shah Waliullaah Dehlevi , etc. then you will find similarities and replicas amongst the Ulema of Deoband.

Apart from the advancements of Deen, another mighty achievement of the Ulema of Deoband is their meritorious efforts in the defence and protection of the pure, pristine Islaam from deviation, baatil, corruption, and evil.

Defence of Islaam:

The Anthem says:
The same Takbeer that came from the valley of Faaraan echoes here. This noble sanctuary produces torchbearers of faith for the world of infidelity here
Mountain ranges sink here; storms stop here. The royal palace will bow before this dwelling of the poor.
This cloud is such a cloud, every drop of which is a source of nectar (life), this water skin is such a water skin by which a hundred oceans can be filled.


1)When the Christians schemed nefarious plots then Moulana Qasim Nanowti rose to the occasion in defence and Moulana Rahmatullaah Kiraami crushed them by producing the famous masterpiece Izahul Haqq (The Truth Revealed) which has not been answered by any Christian up to date.


2)When the Hindus challenged via the Aryaan Samaj then Moulana Qasim Nanowti defeated both the Christians and the Hindus in Shajanpur.


3)When Shiasim threatened to spread then, once again, Moulana Qasim Nanowti wrote Hadyatul Shia and Moulana Abdus Sakoor Lucknowi came to the front. Moulana Haqq Nawaaz Jhanvi formed the Sipha Sahabahin September 1985 and has been exposing Shism at every turn ever since.


4)When Qadianism raised its ugly head then Allamah Anwar Shah Kashmiri , Moulana Murtada Hasan Chanpuri , Moulana Ahmed Ali Lahori , Moulana Habibur Rahmaan Ludiyanvi , Shah Bukhaari , Moulana Manzoor Ahmed Chanoti , Allamah Yusuf Binori , and Mufti Mahmood of Pakistaan demolished every proof of theirs.

5)When Maududism began to spread then Moulana Hussein Ahmed Madani , followed by many, exposed this pocket edition of Shiasm.

The Anthem says:
Through the resolution of Husayn Ahmad, the hue of struggle and jihad was raised here; the movement of the branches become a sword against falsehood here.


6)When Berelvism, combining kufr and bidat, unleashed their kufr machine, then Moulana Khalil Ahmed Saranpuri and Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi unveiled their mask.


7)When customs, rituals, and bidat began to perpetrate Tasawwuff then Moulana Rasheed Ahmed Gungohi and Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi began the purging process.


8)When Salafism began causing havoc then Sheikhul Hind Moulana Mahmud-ul-Hassan protected Deen, preceded by Moulana Qasim Nanowti , and then Moulana Muhammad Ameen Okarvi .


9)When bidat crept into Muslim society then practically every Deobandi Alim addressed the situation. Noted amongst them were Moulana Goolamullaah Khan and Moulana Sarfraaz Khan .


10)The British claimed that they were the rulers of most of the existing world. After usurping India, they were ousted by the efforts of the Ulama-e-Deoband.

The Anthem says:
From this centre of Islaam, the purity of freedom appeared, the call of freedom echoed from the rooftops a hundred times here.


11)When it came to aiding the Turkish Muslims, it was the wife of Moulana Qassim Nanowti who made the first financial contribution. At the same time, it was Moulana Mahmud-ul-Hassan that started the famous Rashmi Rumal Tariq (Silk Cloth Movement).

The Anthem says:
Hundreds of times we have sorted out the dishevelled hair of this country, the lovers will show what we have given the world.


12)I will fail if I do not mention the +- 1000 books that were penned in the service of Islaam by Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi .

When Allaah has chosen them for the Service of His Deen and accepted them then why should we not choose them as guides for our Constitutions? They are the Seniors of the current Islaamic world. If there is anyone else like them, kindly make us aware of such a group that has collectively achieved so much in so little time against such difficult odds.

In South Africa, it is the Ulama-e-Deoband who are the most productive in establishing Darul Ulooms, Madressahs, Maktabs, Masaajids, Mussallahs, Jamaat Khanas, Graveyards, and Hifz Institutions. Look at the hardcore facts.

The Anthem says:
When the call of the nightingale in the garden becomes the tongue of natural truth, the shine of the Haram lights become apparent all over.


This reply may be becoming lengthy as I feel that I must paint a totally clear picture via proofs of the greatness and importance of Ulama-e-Deoband.

You name the Deeni Science and Deoband has produced the man to serve it.

The Anthem says:
??This is such sanctuary of the love of Allaah where many Mahmuds have been prepared, from the atoms of this soil, what levels of embers awake.

In Tafseer:

1)Bayanul Quraan by Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi 2 Volumes.


2)Mariful Quraan by Mufti Muhammad Shafi 8 Volumes.


3)Anwar-ul-Bayaan by Mufti Ashiq Illaahi 10 Volumes.


4)Mariful Quraan by Moulana Idris Khandhelvi 8 Volumes.


5)Tafseer Mazhari by Qari Thanuallaah Panipathi 3 Volumes.


6)Tafseer Usmaani by Moulana Shabeer Ahmed Usmaani 3 Volumes.


7)Jawarul Quraan by Moulana Goolamullaah Khan 3 Volumes.


8)Tafseer Kamalain by Moulana Muhammad Naeem7 Volumes.


9)Tafseer Haqqaani by Allamah Abdul Haqqaani 5 Volumes.


10)Tafseer Mahmood by Mufti Mahmood of Pakistan 3 Volumes.

In Ahaadeeth:


1)Faydhul Baari (Commentary of Bukhaari).


2)Laami-ud Daraari Alaa Jaamiil Bukhaari (Commentary of Bukhaari).


3)Fat-hul Mulhim (Commentary of Muslim).


4)Urfush Shazi (Commentary of Tirmidhi).


5)Kowkabud Durri (Commentary of Tirmidhi).


6)Badhlul Majhood (Commentary of Abu Dawood).


7)Awjazul Masaalik (Commentary of the Mu??atta of Imaam Maalik).


8)Taleequs Sabeeh (Commentary of Mishkaatul Masaabeeh).


9)Amaanil Ahbaar (Commentary of Sharhu Maaanil Aathaar).


10) Maaarufis Sunan (Commentary of Tirmidhi).


11) Aathaarus Sunan maat Taleeqil Hasan wa Taleeqit Taleeq Ilaaus Sunan.

If I have to list the other commentaries then this work will become a very lengthy book.


In Fiqh:


1)Fatawa Darul Deoband by Mufti Azzizul Rahmaan 10 Volumes.


2)Kifaitul Mufti by Mufti Muhammad Kifatullaah 11 Volumes.


3)Imaadatul Fatawa by Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi 6 Volumes.


4)Fatawa Rashidia by Moulana Rasheed Ahmed Gungohi 2 Volumes.


5)Fatawa Mahmoodia by Mufti Mehmood Gungohi 32 Volumes.


6)Khairul Fatawa by Moulana Khair Muhammad Jalandar 6 Volumes.


7)Fatawa Mahmood by Mufti Mahmood of Pakistan 10 Volumes.


8)Fatawa Rahimiyia by Mufti Abdur Rasheed Ludanwi 10 Volumes.


9)Ahsaanul Fatawa by Mufti Abdur Rasheed Ludanwi 9 Volumes.


10) Aap Ke Masali aur un Ka Hal by Moulana Yusuf Lajporia 10 Volumes.


11) Masali Rifaat by Moulana Muhammad Rifaat Qasmi 6 Volumes.


12) Jawahir Fiqh by Mufti Muhammad Shaafi 5 Volumes.


13)Jawahir Fiqh by Moulana Sarfraaz Khan 3 Volumes.


14)Jawahir Fatawa by Mufti Abdus Salaam Chargomi 3 Volumes


15)Fatawa Darul Uloom Zakariyya by Mufti Riazul Haqq 5 Volumes (thus far).

There are currently two sets of Ulema one in Madinah and the other in Patna, India who are compiling all the existing Fatawa of the Ulema-e-Deoband into 100 Volumes.

The Ulema-e-Deoband are the true heirs of the Ambiyaa n, the upholders of Haqq, the Defenders of Deen, the Protectors of the Sunnat, and they have proven themselves in every field. Why must we be shy to align ourselves with these great stalwarts of Deen?

The Anthem says:
The lovers of this gathering (of the love of Allaah) reach Allaah through every path, our stories are all encompassing, from the wall of the garden until the jail.


Hadhrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi once remarked,

My allegiance to our elders is not because I regard them as the greatest and most learned Ulema in the world. I know that is very possible that there are some Ulema present in the world, whom we don't not know, that are more learned than them. But according to me, allegiance to them is because they are Allaah Wale(Men of Allaah) and not Dunya Wale(Slaves of the world). They lived in this world but they were not affected by the winds of it. Their work and efforts were motivated by the desire to serve Deen even if it led to their own personal loss and destruction.


Qari Tayyib Sahib said that the Ulema of Deoband have been blessed with four rivers:


1)Correct Imaan and established Beliefs.


2)Life-style according to the Sunnah.


3)Ihsaan, the Spirit of Islaam.


4)Spreading the above mentioned points (which are all extracted from Hadith-e-Jibreel) to the four corners of the world.

The Anthem says:
??This deep ocean of recognition of Imdaad, Rashid, and Ashraf will spread. This tree of Tayyab has spread; it will spread as long as possible.
The sun of the Deen of Ahmad will shine on the horizon of the world; this light will constantly shine.
Upon the bosom of the world, may, these works of the predecessors remain shining! May the light of the Haram remain in the eyes, and the hearts remain awake in the bosoms


Furthermore, for every book taught in the Dars-e-Nizaami, there is a marginal note written by some servant Scholar of Deoband.

InshaAllaah, this is an adequate enough reply.

Make Duaa that, health permitting, we can write a brief commentary on the statement of Qari Tayyib and on the Maslack of the Ulema-e-Deoband.

In need of Duaa

A H Elias (Mufti)

May Allaah be with him.

Rajab 1435

May 2014



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Answered on August 22, 2014 5:10 pm