Khalifah in Islam

Question ID: 32053

Asalamualaikum respected Mufteen.
I have a question regarding the Khilafah in Islam. In summary, a group of Salafi inclined brothers are proliferating the idea that the Khilafah has been established in Iraq. Upon inquiry and request to substantiate this claim in accordance to the criteria of the ulama, they do not give precise answers and talk about the subject in a way that suggests that the Khilafah does not have conditions in Islam to be considered a Khilafah and rather, it is an arbitrary notion which do not have any guidelines to qualify it.

Unfortunately, they are misguiding many Muslims on campus and people are increasingly coming under the impression that the Khilafah does not need any conditions to be considered valid in Islam.

Can you please provide me with the criteria that the Fuqahaa have mentioned that are required to validly establish the Khilafah?

I am familiar with the conditions of a Khaleefah, but I have not read much on the conditions of a KHILAFAH (ie – What are the conditions which must be met before one is able to declare the re-establishment of the Khilafah AND in our situation, what are the criteria that the scholars have mentioned which allow us to identify whether or not the Khilafah has been reestablished.)

As many references as possible would be appreciated.



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Asked on August 23, 2014 12:52 am
Private answer

Understand a few simple facts about Islaamic Politics:

1) The current Democratic system prevalent in the world is totally un-Islaamic,

2) In Islaam, we have qualified voters to elect qualified candidates to produce qualified leadership,

3) The Ameer is not a Dictator,

4) He is not above Islaamic Law and he is counseled by the Shurrah,

5) There is no desire for post and power in Islaamic Politics,

6) A female cannot become a Ruler of the Nation,

7) No law can be made which runs contrary to Islaam,

8) The purpose of the Islaamic Government is to establish the basic tenets of Islaam,

9) The Imaan, life, property, sanity, and honor of all will be protected,

10) The non-Muslims (Zimmis) will pay Jizya (protection fee) to have their lives, property, and honor protected,

To know the actual process of how the Khalifa is brought into position we will have to go back to the Era of the Khulafa-e-Rashideen:

1) Hadhrat Abu Bakr (R.A) became a Khalifa via the allegiance of those who had the ability to decide;

2) Hadhrat Umar (R.A) became the Ameerul Mu'mineen via nomination by Hadhrat Abu Bakr (R.A.);

3) Hadhrat Uthmaan (R.A) became the Ameerul Mu'mineen via the process of elimination from the 6 great Sahabah (R.A) that Hadhrat Umar (R.A) nominated;

4) Hadhrat Ali (R.A) became Ameerul Mu'mineen via natural choice as the most Senior left.

5) Hadhrat Muawiya (R.A) became the Ameerul Mu'mineen by Hadhrat Hassan (R.A) ceding the Rulership to him;

As seen from the above, the Shariat has clearly outlined the methodology in which the Khalifa should be brought into power.

In the current claim no proper Shaari procedure or process was adhered to.

In an Islaamic country the Ulema and those who have decisive powers (Ahle Rai) will elect the parliament (Governing Shurrah Body). From the Shurrah the Ameer will be chosen.

Now that Ameer cannot unilaterally declare that he is the Khalifa of the whole Muslim World. For that you need many/most of the Islaamic countries Ameers to gather and choose the Khalifa of the Muslim World who will then implement Sharia across all Islaamic countries.

So there is a process. Otherwise every other Muslim Ruler, fit or unfit, capable or incapable, pious or sinner will become a claimant. Chaos and pandemonium will break out.

Yes, there definitely is a need to re-establish the Khalifaat; we make Du'aa it happens.

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Answered on August 23, 2014 12:52 am