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SURAH ANFAAL TILL AYAT 93 OF SURAH TAWBAH
PAGE 246 TILL PAGE 280
SURAH 8: SURAH ANFAAL
THE SPOILS OF WAR
A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH
Surah Anfaal may be divided into two parts. Both parts of the Surah discuss the distribution of booty, as well as providing details about Jihaad.
THE FIRST PART
This part of the verse instructs that the booty and the method of distribution are both the rights of Allaah and should be seen to as detailed by Allaah’s Rasool (SAW). The Surah then proceeds to furnish seven reasons for the above decree. The gist of these reasons is that the Muslims would not have attained victory without Allaah’s assistance. Therefore, the booty they received was purely by Allaah’s grace and should naturally be distributed according to His command.
In addition to these reasons, this part also mentions five laws concerning Jihaad. Together with these injunctions of Jihaad, the first part of this Surah contains many reproaches, warnings, glad tidings, and replies to objections.
THE SECOND PART
This part also includes the two topics discussed in the first part viz. booty and Jihaad. While the first part included seven reasons for distributing the booty according to Allaah’s decree, and five laws of Jihaad, the second part includes the same content but in the opposite order viz. five reasons and seven laws.