Division based 13 line text Quaraan format
SURAH TAWBAH AND SURAH YUNUS AND
TILL AYAT 49 OF SURAH HOOD
PAGE 281 TILL PAGE 316
SURAH 9: SURAH TAUBAH
A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH
Surah Taubah may also be divided into two parts. The second part begins with verse 38.
The first part of the Surah makes mention of:
The exemption from any obligation towards all those Mushrikeen who fail to uphold their treaties.
The declaration of Jihaad against all Mushrikeen.
Replies to four doubts raised concerning fighting the Mushrikeen. These are mentioned because they present an obstacle to Jihaad.
The reasons for fighting the Mushrikeen.
The second part of the Surah reproaches the Munaafiqeen and encourages the Mu’mineen to fight in Jihaad.
This part of the Surah speaks extensively of the Tabook expedition. Concerning this battle, the Surah mentions three groups of the Sahaabah (RA) and four groups of Munaafiqeen. The three groups of Sahaabah (RA) are:
Those Muhaajireen and Ansaar who participated in the expedition to Tabook.
The five sincere Sahaabah (RA), who failed to participate in Jihaad. They tied themselves to pillars and sincerely repented. Allaah accepted their repentance and forgave them.
The three sincere Sahaabah p, who, on account of complacency, failed to join the Tabook expedition. They did not make any excuses, but admitted the truth to Rasulullaah s. As a lesson, they were boycotted for fifty days, after which they were pardoned.
The Surah classifies the Munaafiqeen into the following four categories:
Those Munaafiqeen who did not participate in the Jihaad expeditions.
They would present various types of false excuses to Rasulullaah (SAW).
Those Munaafiqeen who did not participated in Jihaad and also plotted against the Muslims. They built the ‘Masjid of harm’ with the sole intention of harming Islaam and the Muslims. They are referred to in verses 107 to 110.
Those Munaafiqeen who only participated in Jihaad to cause harm and discord between the Muslims. They are mentioned in verses 65 and 66.
Those Munaafiqeen who plotted to assassinate Rasulullaah after his return from Tabook. Allaah warned Rasulullaah s about their devious scheme by divine revelation.
SURAH 10: SURAH YOONUS
A. The Quraan refutes Shirk by emphasising two facts viz.
(1) There is no Helper, nor Controller besides Allaah and
(2) No intercessor can overpower Allaah’s decree.
While the previous Surahs proved the first fact using extensive proofs and details, Surah Yoonus proves the second. The Surah impresses upon man that none can veto Allaah’s decree, nor convince Him of anything.
B. Surah Baqarah makes special mention of the following themes:
Spending in Allaah’s way.
Matters pertaining to administration and reformation.
Surah Aal Imraan tackles a part of Tauheed (refutation of Shirk in beliefs) and also discusses Risaalah, Jihaad, and spending in charity.
Surah Nisaa provides the details about administration and reformation, including laws pertaining to the general public, as well as legislation to be implemented by Muslim leaders.
Surah Maa’idah and Surah Anfaal elucidate the two facets of Tauheed viz. the refutation of Shirk in beliefs and Shirk in actions. While Surah Maa’idah concentrates on explaining the falsehood of Shirk, Surah Anfaal places greater emphasis on logical proofs.
Surah A’raaf then continues to deliberate on various proofs to refute the two types of Shirk, using the detailed stories of several Ambiyaa.
Surah Anfaal and Surah Taubah then discuss Jihaad in great detail. Up to these Surahs, all the themes introduced in Surah Baqarah are discussed. The only exception is the second facet of Tauheed, viz. the fact that no intercessor can overpower Allaah’s decree.
Surah Yoonus establishes this fact and proves with numerous logical proofs that Allaah is the King of kings and The Supreme Controller and Master of all affairs.
The Surah proves that no exalted angel, no apostle, and no saint can alter Allaah’s decisions. This theme is discussed throughout this Surah and continues until Surah Kahf
A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH
The central theme of this Surah (viz. the fact that no intercessor can overpower Allaah’s decree) is stated in the following three verses of the Surah:
It is stated briefly in verse 3;
It is stated in passing in verse 18;
It is discussed in some detail in verses 104 to 107.
This Surah contains eleven proofs to substantiate the above fact. Between these proofs, the gists of certain proofs are mentioned in three places, amidst a host of reproaches, warnings, glad tidings and objections. The central theme of this Surah is the fact that no intercessor can overpower Allaah’s decree.