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SURAH NOOR, SURAH FURQAAN, AND SURAH SHU’RAA TILL AYAT 14 OF SURAH NAML
PAGE 490 TILL PAGE 526
SURAH 24: SURAH NOOR
A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH
Surah Noor can be divided into two parts. This part consists of the following topics:
* Encouragement towards the Qur’aan.
* Four injunctions pertaining to social reform.
* A warning to the slanderers.
* Six additional laws regarding social reform.
* The enmity of the Munaafiqeen towards Towheed, which started the evil propagating campaign.
* Four logical proofs of Towheed.
In the second part the following subjects are discussed in this part:
Three injunctions pertaining to social reform.
* A comparison between the deeds of the sincere Mu’mineen and those of the Munaafiqeen.
* Respect towards Rasulullaah (SAW).
The three injunctions pertaining to social reform are:
l. The command that slaves and understanding children should not be permitted to enter one’s room without permission during three times when people are usually not fully dressed.
2. The advice to old women to exercise caution when relaxing Hijaab even though they are permitted not to wear excess clothing as Hijaab.
3. The permission to eat from the homes of certain people when necessary.
SURAH 25: SURAH FURQAAN
A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH
The main assertion of this Surah is that Allaah is the source of all blessings in this world and in the Aakhirah. This assertion is stated in the following three verses of the Surah:
1. [verse 1]
2. [verse 10]. After both the above verses, the fact is proven that only Allaah confers blessings in this world.
3. [verse 61]. After this verse it is proven that Allaah is the only source of blessings in the Aakhirah as well.
Thereafter, the Surah is filled with approximately twenty proofs to prove the assertion, Several of these are included in the incidents of certain Ambiyaa e mentioned. Together with these arguments, replies are given to several objections that the Kuffaar raised.
This Surah therefore contains the following:
The primary assertion of the Surah (that Allaah is the only source of blessings) is repeated thrice, as mentioned above.
Twenty arguments are mentioned to prove this assertion.
Replies are given to seven objections concerning the assertion.
Reproaches and warnings are sounded.
Consolation is offered to Rasulullaah (SAW).
A description of Allaah’s pious bondsmen is given.
SURAH 26: SURAH SHU’ARA
A BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE SURAH
This Surah contains the following topics:
* An introduction with some encouragement in verse 2 –
* Consolation to Rasulullaah (SAW) in verse 3 –
* Rebuking the rejecters and warning them of the grievous consequences they are bound to face in this world – [verses 5 and 6]
* One logical proof in verse 7 – “Have they not seen the earth and how We cause every impeccable species to grow there?”
* Seven detailed proofs from the incidents of the Ambiyaa (AS), which are contained from the following verses:
“When your Rabb called Moosa (AS)… ” [verse 10]
“Recite to them the incident of Ibraheem (AS)… ” [verse 69]
“The people of Nooh rejected those sent (as Ambiyaa)… ” [verse 105]
“The (nation of) Aad rejected those sent (as Ambiyaa)… ” [verse 123]
“The (nation of) Thamud rejected those sent (as Ambiyaa)… ” [verse 141]
“The nation of Loot e rejected those sent (as Ambiyaa)… ” [verse 160]
“The people of the forest (Madyan) rejected those sent (as Ambiyaa)… ” [verse 176]
* Replies to two objections raised by the Mushrikeen.
* Another two arguments to prove the truth of the Qur’aan and all its assertions. The first in verse 196 and the second in verse 197, where Allaah states, “Indeed, it (the Qur’aan) was certainly (mentioned) in the scriptures (such as the Torah and Injeel) of the earlier nations (they therefore knew about its revelation to Rasulullaah s a long time ago). Is it not sufficient proof for them (the Kuffaar) that the scholars of the Bani Israa’ee1 know about it?”