14th Taraweeh Summary

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14TH TARAWEEH
SURAH AMBIYAA, SURAH HAJJ AND SURAH MU’MINOON TILL AYAT 20 OF SURAH NOOR
PAGE 455 TILL PAGE 490

SURAH 21: SURAH: AMBIYAA
THE AMBIYAA

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The central message of Surah Ambiyaa is that Allaah is the Only One Who has knowledge of all things in the heavens and the earth. Therefore, only He should be worshipped and regarded as one’s Helper to be summoned when in need.

In rejecting the preaching of Rasulullaah s, the Mushrikeen claimed that a messenger of Allaah needs to be an angel and not a human. Allaah replies to this in the following verses:

[verse 7]
[verse 8]

The many stories of the Ambiyaa e mentioned in this Surah also make it clear that it is only Allaah Who can assist a person in need and that even the illustrious Ambiyaa e had to call to Him for assistance.

SURAH 22: SURAH HAJJ
THE HAJJ

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

Surah Hajj may be divided into the following two parts:

The first part is primarily concerned with refuting the beliefs of those who are convinced that others besides Allaah have the ability to do things by hidden means without Allaah’s help. Two detailed logical proofs are presented to substantiate Towheed and thereby refute Shirk.
The second part refutes the actions of the Mushrikeen under the following four headings:
Observe what Allaah has forbidden.
Abolish whatever others have forbidden.
Fulfil the vows and offerings made in Allaah’s name.
Do not make vows and offerings to others.
Thereafter, Allaah proceeds to permit Jihaad against the Mushrikeen and also promises victory for the Muslims.

Allaah mentions several arguments to refute the beliefs and actions of the Mushrikeen.

SURAH 23: SURAH MU’MINOON
THE MU’MINOON

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

This Surah may be divided into two parts. The first part mentions three factors that are conducive to salvation in the Aakhirah. The first is to perform salaah, to fear Allaah and to humble oneself in salaah. The second factor is to abstain from Shirk in one’s beliefs and deeds. The third factor is to abstain from all forms of injustice. Thereafter Allaah mentions three logical proofs to substantiate Towheed.

These are:
[verses 12 to 14]
[verses 17 to 20]
[verses 21 and22]

To further emphasise Towheed, this part of the Surah also mentions the incidents of several Ambiyaa e.

The second part of the Surah states four logical proofs to substantiate Towheed and to refute Shirk. Other verses contain admonitions, warnings, and glad tidings.

The concluding verses of the Surah recap the gist of the Surah, when Allaah says, “Exalted be Allaah, the Sovereign, the Truth. There is no I1aah but Him. He is the Rabb of the Glorious Throne” [verse 116]. Therefore none but Allaah must be regarded as a deity, neither should offerings be made to any other.