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SURAH HOOD AND SURAH YUSUF TILL
AYAT 18 OF SURAH RAAD
PAGE 316 TO PAGE 351
SURAH 11: SURAH HOOD
A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH
The opening verses of the Surah (until verse 24) contain the following four important messages:
Summon Allaah only.
Only Allaah has knowledge of the unseen.
There must be no negligence in propagating the revelation.
The manifesto is clear, but the rejecters will not accept it because of their obstinacy.
Thereafter, Allaah mentions seven narratives that confirm the first three messages, followed by a verse, which confirms the fourth message.
In the first narrative, Nooh (AS) declared the first message by telling his people, “I am one who clearly warns you that you should worship only Allaah.” (verses 25,26)
In the second incident, Hood (AS) also confirmed the first message, when he told his nation, “O my people! Worship (Only) Allaah. There is no Ilaah besides Him.”
The same message was given by Saalih (AS) to his people in the third incident.
The fourth incident concerning Ibraheem e confirms the second message because it makes it clear that no person (not even the angels or the Ambiyaa e) have knowledge of the unseen. Neither did Ibraheem (AS) know who the angels were, nor did the angels know that he left to prepare a meal for them. Ibraheem (AS)’s wife, Sara p also had no knowledge of the fact that she was cooking for angels who do not eat.
The fifth story about Loot e also proves that the Ambiyaa e do not have knowledge of the unseen because Loot e did not recognise who the angels were, thus causing grief to himself. Allaah says about this in verse 77, “When Our messenger angels came to Loot e, he became distressed because of their presence and his heart tightened. He said, ‘This is a day of misfortune.”
The sixth incident concerning Shu’ayb e also concerns the first message, as seen by his statement to his people, when he said, “O my people! Worship (Only) Allaah. There is no Ilaah for you besides Him.” (verse 84)
The seventh and final narrative concerns Moosa (AS). The incident demonstrates the third message because it depicts how Moosa e endured various trials and difficulties while propagating his message and never wavered from his responsibility.
SURAH 12: SURAH YOOSUF
A GIST OF THE SURAH
Surah Yoosuf makes the following four assertions:
Only Allaah has knowledge of the unseen and He has not conferred this privilege to any other.
Only Allaah is the Supreme Master and Controller of everything and He has not granted others the capability to do anything more than what visible means permit.
Rasulullaah (AS) is Allaah’s true messenger, on whom revelation descends.
Difficulties will also afflict Rasulullaah (SAW), just as it afflicted the Ambiyaa (AS) before him, but these will soon give way to success and victory.