29
AUG
2016

Qurbaani Laws – Part 1

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ADHA

….. Adha means Qurbaani. Youm-ul-Adha means the Day of Qurbaani.

AOOZUBILLAH (TA’WWUDH) RECITED AFTER TAKBEER

….. The Imam must recite Aoozubillah after the extra Takbeers because Qiraat is recited after the extra Takbeers. According to Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Muhammad ‘Aoozubillah’ is bond to the Qiraat. Yes, the Thana is recited between the Takbeer-e-Tahrima and the extra Takbeers.

BUYING AN ANIMAL ON CREDIT FOR QURBAANI

….. It is permissible to purchase a Qurbaani animal on credit and it is necessary to pay for the animal later on.

SMALL ANIMALS

….. By a small animal is meant a ram or ewe of a sheep or goat.

ANOTHER ANIMAL AT A LOWER PRICE

….. Look under the section on “Animals being exchanged.”

THE PERSON PASSES AWAY AFTER PURCHASING A QURBAANI ANIMAL

….. If a person who is a Sahib-e-Nisaab purchases an animal for Qurbaani and passes away during the days of Qurbaani, the animal will then form part of the estate of the deceased and all the heirs will have a due share in the animal in keeping with the Shariah. The heirs now have a choice either to sacrifice this animal as Qurbaani and thereby allow it to be a form of Esaal-E-Thawaab or they can share it in keeping with the division of the estate.

It should be noted that in the case of the heirs opting to sacrifice it for the sake of Esaal-e-Thawaab for the deceased, it is conditional for the heirs to all be matured. The permission of immature heirs is not reliable.

ONE IS UNABLE TO MAKE QURBAANI AFTER PURCHASING THE ANIMAL

….. Qurbaani was Waajib on a person but all three days of Qurbaani pass without the person sacrificing an animal. He will then have to give in charity the value of a sheep or goat. If he had already purchased an animal for Qurbaani but was unable to slaughter for some reason, this living animal must be given away in Sadaqah. It the person sacrificed the animal after the days of Qurbaani had already passed due to ignorance of the rules, he will now have to distribute all the meat to the poor. Such meat cannot be given to a wealthy person.

If the animal is destroyed and the person is unable to make Qurbaani and such a person is wealthy, it will be Waajib for him to give the value of the animal in Sadaqah.

THE BEST ANIMAL

….. If there are many poor, destitute and needy people then an animal with more meat is superior and if needy people are few, it is superior to choose an animal the price of which is higher and its meat and quality is superior.

….. It is Mustahab to slaughter an animal which is plump, strong and healthy. It is therefore superior to make Qurbaani of one plump healthy goat than two weak and thin goats provided the meat is not bad.

….. If the price of a large animal, like a cow etc. wherein there are seven shares is the same as that of a goat and the meat is also of the same quality, it is superior to purchase a goat.

….. A FEMALE GOT IS BETTER THAN A SHEEP.

….. The Qurbaani of a ram is better than that of a ewe.

….. The Qurbaani of an animal which is more expensive is better and if the price of two animals is the same but the meat of one is better, it will be superior to choose that one.

BLIND

….. It is not valid to make Qurbaani of a blind animal.

DOUBT WITH REGARD TO AYYAAM-E-NAHR

….. If there is doubt whether it is the twelfth or thirteenth of Zil Hijjah one should not delay till the third day of Qurbaani. In the case where is a delay and one goes beyond the three days, it will be Mustahab to give the Qurbaani meat away as Sadaqah.

STERILE ANIMALS

…..   Qurbaani of sterile animals is in order because there is no command of impermissibility with regard to them and sterility is not considered a fault for Qurbaani. Just as a castrated animal, although being limited in its capacity, is not considered to be faulty for Qurbaani, so too, is a sterile animal not considered faulty for Qurbaani. In fact, sterile animals are generally more meaty and plump and the quality of the meat is also generally very good due to which Qurbaani of such an animal is permissible.

MAD ANIMALS

….. The Qurbaani of a mad animal is in order but if due to its madness, it is unable to eat and drink, its Qurbaani will not be valid.

AN ANIMAL RELEASED IN THE NAME OF AN IDOL

….. Releasing an animal in the name of some Mazaar (saintly person who has passed away) or an idol is totally Haraam and a severely sinful act but by this Haraam action the animal does not become Haraam and in keeping with the principles of Shariah, it does not leave the possession of its owner (even though he believes according to his invalid belief that it is has left his possession and become the property of someone other than Allaah . According to Shariah his belief is wrong and the animal still belongs to him) therefore, if someone purchases this animal from its owner and makes Qurbaani, his Qurbaani will be valid. Similarly, if a butcher buy such an animal during any other period, slaughters it and sells the meat, it will be valid to buy and use such meat as well.

BIG ANIMALS

….. By big animals is meant cows, oxen, buffaloes and camels both male and female.

IT IS NOT NECESSARY FOR A BIG ANIMAL TO BE SHARED BY SEVEN PEOPLE

….. It is permissible for one person to make Qurbaani of a single big animal.

….. It is not necessary for a big animal to be shared by seven people.

Even if less than seven people share a Qurbaani animal it will be in order, for example if five or six people or even less than this share in such an animal then too, it will be valid. So much so, that even if a single person makes the Qurbaani of a large animal on his own this too is permissible.

 

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