Rasulullaah (SAW) said: “Dua is the core of all Ibaadat.”
Allaah (SWT) declares in the Qur`aan Majeed: “Call unto your Rabb with humility and softly.”
Dua is an essential part of every Mu`min’s life. Dua is the one thing that can actually alter Fate (Taqdeer). The Ahaadith Shareef is replete with exhortations and encouragements for us to make dua unto Allaah (SWT).
Allaah Ta`ala loves us to make dua and beg of Him. Allaah Rabbul Izzat detests the person who does not ask of Him.
However, just like every facet of our beautiful Deen, dua also has some requirements and etiquettes.
Amongst the etiquettes of dua is that it be made with humility, softly and in seclusion. Dua is a private conversation between the servant and The Master. We are aware that when a Mu`min makes dua for his fellow Muslim, Allaah (SWT) readily accepts it. One of the reasons being that it is the silent and secretive supplication made to Allaah (SWT) which is only known to Allaah (SWT) and no one else. There should be no show when making dua. Allaah (SWT) Himself commands that we make dua softly and with humility.
DUA OF ARAFAT
Congregational dua is only prescribed for certain occasions, like the very short silent dua after every Fardh Salaat and the dua made by the Imaam of Hajj during Arafat. Even this latter dua has been made a spectacle of pomp and show nowadays when ‘personalities’ are flown down for Hajj every year specifically to make the dua. The Barkat of our Ibaadat has been shorn and tattered to pieces by the masquerading ‘pop-artist’ Ulama who thrive on name and fame merely because they are adept at practicing bid`ah and satiating the nafs of the masses by delivering a ‘powerful’ dua. On these special occasions, we should capitalise and take maximum benefit and beg of Allaah (SWT) for all our needs. That should be done with humility and privately. The “famous” molvi Saheb who is flown down especially to render the Arafat dua is not in the stead of the Imaam of Hajj. There is no Shar`i validity to his making a congregational dua on this occasion. Why has everything in Islaam become commercialised?
CONGREGATIONAL IFTAAR DUA
The latest bid`ah practice that has become vogue in our Musaajid nowadays is the congregational dua at the time of Iftaar – just before Maghrib Athaan, during the Month of Ramadhaan. True, the dua during these auspicious moments are readily accepted by Allaah (SWT). But, the Shariah has NOT prescribed a congregational dua. In fact, congregational duas at this time are unreservedly classified as a dark Bid`ah!
The following appears in Fataawa Mahmoodiyya, vol. 17 page 146:
“CONGREGATIONAL DUA AT THE TIME OF IFTAAR IS NOT ESTABLISHED”
Question: Some people, during the blessed month of Ramadhaan gather to one side of the Musjid just before Iftaar, where one of the fasting persons makes a dua, to which others say ‘Aameen’. Was this practice in vogue during the era of Nabi (SAW) and his Sahaabah (RA)? Or was it practised by any of the pious persons thereafter?
Answer: This method (and occasion) of making a congregational dua is not established from Nabi (SAW), his Sahaabah (RA) or any of the Fuqahaa-e-Mujtahiddeen.”
It is also stated in Fataawa Mahmoodiyya, vol. 16, page 375:
“This method where the Imaam recites Durood in an audible tone and slowly, and then everyone recites Durood Shareef loudly, has not been established from Nabi (SAW) or his Sahaabah (RA). Neither is this prescribed in the Qur`aan Majeed, nor Hadith Shareef nor any of the Kitaabs of Fiqh. Therefore this method has to be abandoned and the Sunnat practice be followed and adhered to.”
WHAT IS BID`AH?
Bid`ah has become so rife in our society nowadays that people, including the Ulama have become desensitized to it. The Ulama have become the followers of the masses and do whatever they think will satisfy the ignorance of the people, without realising that many of their acts are contrary to the Sunnat and opening the doors to Bid`ah and deviation.
Moulana Yusuf Ludhianwi (RA) wrote: “Amongst the reasons why Bid`ah is such a detestable deed is that when a person carries out an act of sin, then he realises that he is doing something wrong, and he may repent and feel ashamed. On the contrary, when he commits an act of Bid`ah then he deems it a meritorious deed (hence will not repent or feel ashamed).”
The respected Moulana Saheb (RA), in explaining the difference between Sunnat and Bid`ah, writes:
“Bid`ah is to understand something to be part of Deen which was not practiced by the Salaf-e-Saaliheen…It is Bid`ah to stipulate conditions for those things which the Shariah has left general…It is Bid`ah to perform those Ibaadaat in a congregational form which the Shariah has specified to be individually performed.”
Based on the above brief descriptions of what our Shariah classifies as a Bid`ah, it is as clear as daylight that the practice of offering congregational dua at the time of Iftaar during the month of Ramadhaan (or out), is a Bid`ah.
Nabi (SAW) warned us: “Every innovation (in the Deen) is deviation.” And he further said: “Every deviation is in the Fire of Jahannum.”
Why spoil the entire day’s fast by perpetrating a dark Bid`ah right at the end. Instead of inviting the Mercy, Forgiveness, and Acceptance of Allaah (SWT) we incur His Anger and Wrath by trotting the path of deviation.
Let us take maximum benefit of this month, by adhering to the Sunnat practices and ensure acceptance of our valuable duas at the time of Iftaar by supplicating to Allaah Rabbul Izzat with humility, softly, individually and privately.
May Allaah (SWT) grant us all the Taufeeq to accept and recognise the Haqq and follow the Sunnat.