SURAH 101: SURAH QAARI’AH
Whilst Surah Aadiyaat speaks about man’s injustice, Surah Qaari’ah warns about the punishment in the Aakhirah for such injustice.
SURAH 102: SURAH TAKAATHUR
RIVALRY IN AMASSING WEALTH
Whereas Surah Qaari’ah contained warnings, glad tidings and objections, Surah Takaathur resumes the subject of abstinence from the world.
SURAH 103: SURAH·ASR
In comparison to Surah Takaathur, Surah Asr goes a step further in expounding the theme of abstinence from material things. Whereas Surah Takaathur cautions people against boasting about wealth and children, Surah Asr reminds man to reflect upon the vicissitudes of time. People are urged to contemplate over the repercussions that their forefathers felt when they took excessive pride in the material profits of this world. The only profit they emerged with was remorse and regret.
SURAH 104: SURAH HUMAZA
THOSE WHO SEARCH FOR FAULTS
After addressing the issues of abstinence from the world, amassing wealth, and boasting about the same in the previous Surahs, Surah Humaza talks about the punishment to be faced by people engaging in the above.
SURAH 105: SURAH FEEL
Whereas asceticism and punishment for the Kuffaar in the Aakhirah has already been discussed in the previous Surahs, Surah Feel proceeds to warn people about the worldly consequences of kufr. Allaah depicts the destruction of people who, because of their intoxication with the material profits of this world, attempted to destroy the nucleus of Imaan and Towheed, viz. the Kabah. The only method of securing salvation in both the worlds is to inculcate the attributes described in Surah Asr.
SURAH 106: SURAH QURAYSH
AlIaah destroyed those who tried to demolish the heart of Towheed (as mentioned in Surah Feel), thereby further facilitating the summer and winter trade journeys of the Quraysh. It was therefore necessary that the Quraysh also worship Allaah, refrain from Shirk, and not be blinded by the love of material wealth.
SURAH 107: SURAH MAA’OON
This Surah also encourages abstinence from the world. At the same time, it also rebukes those who do not spend on the poor and the orphans, as well as those who are negligent of their salaah.
SURAH 108: SURAH KOWTHAR
The central theme of this Surah is Towheed, rather than abstinence, which was the core subject of the previous Surahs. The Surah consoles Rasulullaah (SAW). while also refuting Shirk in beliefs and in action. Surah Kowthar also sounds a warning to the Mushrikeen. Surah Kowthar discusses one of the two core themes initiated in Surah A’la viz. Towheed. It discusses this because it refutes Shirk, the antithesis of Towheed.
SURAH 109: SURAH KAAFIROON
The central theme of the Surah is Towheed and a refutation of Shirk. Similarly, Surah Kaafiroon issues the ultimatum to the Kuffaar, telling them that, after much discussion, if they still choose not to take heed, they will be left to their own devices.
SURAH 110: SURAH NASR
Allaah consoles Rasulullaah (SAW) in this Surah, telling him that he is guaranteed victory after announcing his disassociation from the Kuffaar.
SURAH 111: SURAH LAHAB
Allaah already made it clear that the Kuffaar should be ignored if they refuse to take heed after lengthy attempts at persuading them. Allaah will still grant victory to the Muslims and destroy the Kuffaar. Surah Lahab now describes how a particular Kaafir was destroyed.
SURAH 112: SURAH IKHLAAS
This Surah contains a clear, unequivocal declaration of Towheed. It is on account of rejecting this Towheed that the Kuffaar will be destroyed and the Muslims will attain victory.
SURAH 113: SURAH FALAQ
Once Towheed is made clear and expounded in no uncertain terms, the Kuffaar will attempt to employ dubious means of harming the Muslims, like how they used black magic against Rasulullaah (SAW). By frequently reciting these concluding Surahs of the Qur’aan (Surahs Falaq and Naas) , one will be unharmed by the effect of black magic.
SURAH 114: SURAH NAAS
This Surah makes reference to all three levels of Towheed contained in Surohs An’aam, Hadeed, and Hashar.
“The Rabb of mankind” refers to the first level i.e. the fact that Allaah is man’s Nourisher and Nurturer.
“The King of mankind” refers to the second level i.e. He is the Only Sovereign in control of everything.
’’The Ilaah of mankind” refers to the third level i.e. Only He is worthy of worship and Only He should be supplicated to in times of difficulty.