Surah Saff also chides certain Muslims.
Encouragement to Jihaad is given.
Surah Jumu’ah also begins with mention of Allaah’s glorification (Tasbeeh). The four Surahs (Jumu’ah, Munafiqoon, Taghaabun and Talaaq) make mention of the core theme towards the end to link it to the next Surah.
This Surah contains the following:
* Confirming the truthfulness of Rasulullaah (SAW).
* Condemning certain actions and beliefs of the Jews.
* The Mushrikeen are condemned.
Surah Munaafiqeen now speaks about those Munaafiqeen who said that none should spend on the Sahabah p and that the people of Madinah should expel the Muhaajireen from Madinah. Allaah also tells the Muslims that they should spend from their own wealth and should not be dependent on people like the Munaafiqeen.
Surah Taghaabun goes a step further by hypothetically assuming that wealth actually belongs to people. With this assumption, Allaah encourages Muslims to give Him a loan (i.e. to spend their wealth in Allaah’s path). If they will comply, Allaah promises them greatly multiplied rewards in return.
Surah Talaaq promotes personal reform within Muslims so that domestic problems do not lead to enmity and disputes, thereby weakening the Muslims when they need to fight against the Kuffaar.
Each of the two central themes of Surah Hadeed (spending in Allaah’s way and Jihaad) has been discussed individually in all the Surahs after Surah Hadeed. However, Surah Tahreem contains mention of both these themes.
The Surahs from Surah Hadeed up to Surah Tahreem discuss spending and waging Jihaad for the cause of Towheed. The subsequent Surahs, from Surah Mulk until Surah Jinn discuss another aspect of Towheed i.e. the fact that Allaah is the source of all blessings. Surah Mulk presents many logical proofs to substantiate the assertion.
SURAH 68: SURAH QALAM
Surah Mulk established the fact that A1laah is the only Benefactor and does not share this attribute with any other being. Surah Qalam proceeds to warn Rasulullaah (SAW) (and the Muslims, of course) that the Kuffaar will be prepared to compromise their beliefs in order to get Muslims to do the same. They will be prepared to make concessions in their beliefs to entice Rasulullaah (SAW) and the Muslims to follow suit.
Allaah tells Rasulullaah (SAW) in Surah Qalam that he should not compromise the belief that Allaah is the only source of blessings. Those who reject this belief are warned in Surah Haaqa of the punishment they can expect to face in both worlds.
Surah Ma’aarij contains the following:
* Warning of punishment in the Aakhirah.
* Glad tidings in the Aakhirah.
SURAH 71: SURAH NOOH (AS)
Surah Haaqa is followed by Surah Ma’aarij, which condemns the Mushrikeen for their foolishness in asking for Allaah’s punishment instead of heeding the warnings After these Surahs, Surah Noah and Surah Jinn quote further proofs to substantiate the belief. Surah Nooh contains a detailed quoted proof from the life and teachings of Nooh (AS).
SURAH 72: SURAH JINN
Surah Jinn now presents similar proofs from the statements of the Mu’mineen Jinn to prove this belief. People are informed in this Surah that even the Jinn listen to the Qur’aan and preach Towheed to their species.
Surah Muzzammil contains the instruction to recite the Qur’aan properly, while Surah Muddathir exhorts the Muslims that they should confine themselves not only to the recitation of the Qur’aan, but they should also propagate its injunctions, especially that of Towheed.
SURAH 74: SURAH MUDDATHIR
Surah Muzzammil conveyed the message that people should recite the Qur’aan and remain steadfast on their belief in Towheed. Surah Muddathir goes a step further by saying that, not only should people recite the Qur’aan and practise it, but they should also actively involve themselves in propagating Towheed as well as every other injunction of the Qur’aan.
Allaah emphasises belief in Qiyaamah from Surah Qiyaamah up to the end of Surah Taariq (Surah 86). Since Towheed is the central belief of a Mu’min, it is also repeatedly mentioned in many of the Surahs.
SURAH 76: SURAH INSAAN / SURAH DAHAR
Surah Dahar negates Shirk (the antithesis of Towheed).
SURAH 77: SURAH MURSALAAT
Surah Dahar explains how Allaah created man, so that people may understand the occurrence of resurrection. Surah Mursalaat goes further to explain the occurrences after resurrection i.e. rewards and punishment.
SURAH 78: SURAH NABA
Surah Mursalaat makes it clear that Allaah’s promises will certainly come to pass. A part of these promises are the bounties that Allaah will shower on the pious people in the Aakhirah. The verses of Surah Naba mentions many bounties that Allaah conferred on blessed man in this very world. At the same time, man cannot forget that he also suffers many adversities and difficulties. Allaah makes mention of these worldly bounties so that man’s attention is drawn to the fact that Allaah will also confer bounties to people in the Aakhirah. Of course, there will be many who will have to suffer punishment in the Aakhirah as well, just as they suffer these in the world.
Surah Naba makes mention of only Allaah’s bounties in this world, without mentioning the adversities.
Moving a step closer, Surah Naazi’aat mentions that the angels of death will also behave in a like manner when claiming people’s souls. While they will be gentle and compassionate towards the pious Mu’mineen, they will be harsh towards the Kuffaar.
Compared to Surah Naazi’aat, Surah Abas mentions more details about the Day of Qiyaamah. The Surah states that although the Kuffaar and sinners will be punished in the Aakhirah, the Day of Qiyaamah will itself be so frightening that people will flee from their kith and kin.