23rd Taraweeh Summary

Division based 13 line text Quaraan format

23RD TARAWEEH
FROM SURAHS DHAARIYAT, TOOR, NAJM, QAMAR, AR-RAHMAN, WAAQIHAH TILL
AYAT 29 OF SURAH HADEED
PAGE 727 TO PAGE 756

SURAH 51: SURAH DHAARIYAAT
THE WINDS THAT DISPERSE

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

Surah Dhaariyaat contains the following:

· Testimony about rewards and punishment.
· A description of resurrection.
· Two logical proofs to substantiate the advent of Qiyaamah.
· Five illustrations of worldly punishment.

These are:

Verses 24 to 37 contain the first of the five illustrations of worldly punishment when Allaah discusses the destruction of the people of Loot e.

The second illustration follows from verse 38 and terminates at the end of verse 40. In this illustration, Allaah describes how Fir’oun and his army were drowned in the sea because of their rebelliousness.

Thereafter, in verses 41 and 42, Allaah cites the example of the Aad. They were destroyed by a fierce tornado when they rejected the teachings of Hood e.

Verses 43 to 45 mention the fourth illustration depicting world punishment, using the example of the Thamud.

Verse 46 mentions the fifth and final illustration, which took place before all those already mentioned. The example is of the nation of Nooh e, who were drowned in a great flood when they refused to accept his preaching.

SURAH 52: SURAH TOOR
(MOUNT) TOOR

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

Surah Toor consists of the following:

· Two logical proofs to prove the immense powers of Allaah so that all may understand that it is
· Simple for Allaah to punish people when and as He pleases.
· Consolation to Rasulullaah s.
· Warnings of punishment to the Kuffaar,
· Glad tidings of Jannah together with a detailed description of Jannah.
· Reproaches to those who reject Towheed.

SURAH 53: SURAH NAJM
THE STAR

Surah Najm stresses that no intercessor can change Allaah’s decision of punishment. Not Laat, not Manaat, not Uzzah, nor any of the other idols of the Quraysh can achieve this to save their devotees from punishment. Therefore, it is futile to worship and supplicate to them.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

A repetition of the central

* Consolation for Rasulullaah (SAW).
* Repetitions of the second assertion in verses 26 to 28.
* Repetitions of the first assertion in verse 23.
* The second assertion, i.e. do not think that intercession of the angels can alter Allaah’s decree.
* The first assertion i.e. do not worship idols like Laat, Manaat and Uzza.
* The central theme of the Surah is the negation of the belief that any being can alter Allaah’s decision.

SURAH 54: SURAH QAMAR
THE MOON

Surah Qamar presents the proof for this. In verse 49, Allaah say that it is only He Who has created everything to perfection. After Surah Qamar, all the other Surahs until Surah Hadeed, have their primary assertions towards the end of each Surah.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The beginning and ending of the Surah contain:

The body of the Surah contains:

* Five illustrations of Allaah’s punishment in this world.
* A warning to the people of Makkah.
* The primary theme of the Surah.

SURAH 55: SURAH AR-RAHMAAN
THE MOST MERCIFUL

Surah Ar Rahmaan goes a step further by asserting that since Allaah is the source of all help, His name must surely be most blessed. He should also be regarded as the fountainhead of all blessings. This assertion is made in the concluding verse of the Surah, where Allaah says, “Blessed is the name of your Rabb, the Possessor of majesty and benevolence. ”

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

The beginning of the Surah, in some detail, mentions nine logical proofs of Allaah’s immense powers in a most unique manner.
Verses 26 to 45 make mention of some warnings to the Kuffaar with regard to the punishment they will have to face in this world and in the Aakhirah.
Verse 46 up to the end discusses the pleasures and bounties that the Mu’mineen will receive in Jannah.
The Surah repeatedly asks man and Jinn in a rhetorical manner which bounties of Allaah’s do they reject by claiming that another being gave it to them.
These multiple bounties denote that Allaah is the Only source of blessings and fortune. Those who deny this fact will have to face terrible consequences in this world and in the Aakhirah.
However, those who will have Imaan and who accept this shall receive the everlasting bounties of Jannah.

SURAH 56: SURAH WAAQI’AH
THE HAPPENING

Allaah says in the final verse of Surah Waaqi’ah, “So glorify the name of your Majestic Rabb” i.e. One should hymn Allaah’s name and express His purity from all partners.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

* The beginning of the Surah classifies people into three groups, viz.

(1) As’haabul Maymanah (those on the right),
(2) As’haabul Mash’amah (those on the left) and
(3) the Saabiqoon (those who have excelled far ahead).

The details concerning each of these three groups are then mentioned.

* A fleeting mention of these groups is repeated towards the end.
* The grandeur of the Qur’aan is emphasised.
* Acceptance of the Qur’aan is encouraged.

Four logical proofs of Allaah’s power are also mentioned. These are found in:

Verses 57 to 62
Verses63 to 67,
Verses 68 to 70
Verses 71 to 73.

IRONSURAH 57: SURAH HADEED

The link between surah hadeed and the preceding surahs

After Surah Hadeed, all the Surahs until Surah Tahreem (Surah 66) share the same themes contained in Surah Hadeed. Surah Hadeed contains the following two themes:

1. Spending one’s wealth in Allaah’s path.
2. Encouragement for Jihaad.

A SUMMARY OF THE SURAH

* The command to spend in Allaah’s way.
* Five reasons for spending (inverses 7, 10, 11, 18 and 20).
* Encouragement to fight in Jihaad.
* Glad tidings of victory.