Speaking in a Language Other Than Arabic

Question ID: 23284

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

Respected Mufti Saheb,

What is the ruling on people who are capable of speaking Arabic, speaking in languages other than Arabic with one another? For example, `Ulamaa speaking in Urdu with one another, or English, instead of Arabic?

I have come across certain narration from Hadhrat `Umar ibn al-Khattaab رضي الله عنه as well as some other Sahaabah, in which they discouraged people from speaking in a language other than Arabic. There is also a Riwaayat which states that whosoever is capable of speaking in Arabic should not speak in non-Arabic for that causes Nifaaq. It is also mentioned that Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal رحمة الله عليه regarded it as Makrooh for a person to use non-Arabic words to describe the days and months, etc.

Taking all of this into consideration, Mufti Saheb, what is the ruling on people learning and speaking languages such as Urdu, Gujarati, Farsi, English, etc. rather than Arabic? Is it permissible to do so? And if it is permissible, is there Karaahiyat in doing so?

جزاكم الله خيراً


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Asked on September 27, 2016 9:57 pm
Private answer

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُاللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ

If there are two people and both can speak Arabic, then they should speak Arabic.
The speaking of the vernacular should be encouraged. English should not be given preference.
A language brings along with it belief and culture.
A language allows one to expand as per its intellectual depth.

وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّلَام وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ وَمَغْفِرَتُهُ
Mufti Elias

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Answered on October 3, 2016 12:46 pm