|This para commences with Surah Ahqaaf, wherein Allaah states that He has created the universe for a stipulated period of time only. The system of the universe functions according to Allaah’s perfect plan, yet the kuffaar still adamantly oppose the truth. Allaah commands man to treat his parents kindly, reminding him that his mother bore him with hardship and delivered him with hardship. When this man grows up to be righteous he will express gratitude to Allaah, whereupon Allaah will accept his deeds and forgive him for his shortcomings. However, Allaah will punish those who oppose their parents and disobey them. Thereafter, Allaah makes mention of the time when a group of the Jinn listened to Rasululllaah (sallAllaahu-alayhi-wa-sallam) reciting the Qur’aan and then conveyed the message to their people.
Surah Muhammed begins after Surah Ahqaaf. Allaah says that the deeds of people will be destroyed when, apart from adhering to kufr, they also enjoin others to do the same. Allaah will also forgive the sins of those who possess Imaan and practise on the guidance given to them. In addition to this Allaah will also correct their deeds.
Allaah also commands the Muslims to wage jihaad till the enemy surrenders. Those people who are averse towards jihaad after Imaan and guidance has come to them, then such people have definitely fallen prey to Shaytaan because Shaytaan makes evil deeds seem appealing and makes people entertain hopes of long lives. Eventually, the deeds of such people are destroyed. Allaah also tells people to ponder about the verses of the Qur’aan because this will illuminate their hearts and their minds.
Surah Fatah follows Surah Muhammed (sallAllaahu-alayhi-wa-sallam). In this Surah, Allaah speaks about the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah which turned out to be a tremendous victory for the Muslims. Allaah says in verse 10, “Verily those who pledge allegiance to you [Rasululllaah (sallAllaahu-alayhi-wa-sallam)] have actually pledged allegiance to Allaah. Allaah’s hand is above theirs.” Allaah adds that those who violate their pledge and turn away from jihaad become deserving of a terrible punishment.
Allaah declares in the final verse of this Surah, “Muhammed (sallAllaahu-alayhi-wa-sallam) is Allaah’s messenger and those with him are hard on the disbelievers, yet compassionate towards each other.” [verse 29]