THE HISTORY OF QURBAANI
….. Slaughtering a Halaal animal with the intention of gaining nearness to Allaah began from the time Adam (AS) came to this world and the world was inhabited by human beings. The very first Qurbaani was made by the two sons of Hadhrat Adam (AS), Haabil and Qaabil which means both of them made one Qurbaani each.
Haabil slaughtered a ram and Qaabil offered some grain and other produce which he had cultivated. As was the custom, a fire came from the heavens and consumed the ram Haabil slaughtered and left the offering of Qaabil.
The sign of acceptance when Qurbaani was made in the times of the previous Ambiya was this, whereby an accepted Qurbaani was consumed by a heavenly fire.
THE LAW OF QURBAANI WAS GIVEN IN A DREAM
Allaah gave the command of Qurbaani to Hadhrat Ibraaheem (AS) in a dream. The secret behind it is that the real objective was not to slaughter the son, but the objective was the father testing the son. For this reason, the command of slaughtering was not given in clear, open terms, but it was shown in a dream that he is slaughtering. This is the reason why when he completed the action that he saw in the dream, an unseen voice announced his success in the test.
THE REALITY OF QURBAANI
In essence, the reality of Qurbaani was that a person should present his life before Allaah , but look at the mercy of Allaah , he could accept this. For this reason, he gave the command to slaughter an animal. We will understand that you have sacrificed yourselves.
THE LAW OF QURBAANI IS GENERAL
Among the actions of Hadhrat Ibraaheem (AS), there are certain actions that are specific to a certain place and they have been made compulsory upon those performing Hajj, those who reach those places and perform it. For example, pelting the three Shayaateen in Mina and running between Safa and Marwa, running the seven circuits of Sa’ee. Those actions that are not related to these special places can be performed at any place. For example, Qurbaani of an animal. This has been made compulsory upon the entire ummah by means of a general command. Rasulullaah (SAW), all the Sahabah and the Tabi’een, including the entire ummah, every nation and every country are fulfilling this compulsion at every place. It has not been classified as one of the compulsory acts of Islaam, but it is part of the signs of Islaam.
وَالْبُدْنَ جَعَلْنٰہَا لَكُمۡ مِّنۡ شَعَآئِرِ اللہِ لَكُمْ فِیۡہَا خَیۡرٌ ٭ۖ
“And We have made the large (sacrificial) animals (camels and cows) from the landmarks (distinctive signs) of (the Deen of) Allaah”
THE LESSON OF QURBAANI
Every year this lesson is taught at the time of Qurbaani that it is necessary for man to sacrifice everything of his for the pleasure of Allaah (SWT), otherwise his Imaan will not be complete and he will not be fulfilling the rights of bondsman ship.
The life that was given was his
the reality is that the right of it was not fulfilled
THE BEGINNING OF TAKBEER-E-TASHREEQ
….. When Hadhrat Khallelullah Ibraheem (AS) was busy slaughtering his beloved son Hadhrat Ismaeel (AS) by the command of Allaah Hadhrat Jibraeel (AS)was on his way with a substitute for him from Jannah and the thought occurred to him that it should not happen that Hadhrat Ibraheem (AS) slaughters him in haste as a result of which these words were recited by him: الله أكبر الله أكبر when Hadhrat Ibraheem (AS) saw Hadhrat Jibraeel (AS) he recited: لا إله إلا الله والله أكبر and when Hadhrat Ismaeel (AS) received news of a substitute having been sent in his place he recited الله أكبر ولله الحمد
THE REASON FOR NAMING TASHREEQ
….. The reason for naming the days of Tashreeq as Tashreeq is the fact that people used to slice the Qurbaani meat into pieces and dry them in the sun. Any such meat which had been dried in the sun was termed “Tashreeq-ul-Lahm”. Due to this connection it was termed the days of Tashreeq.
….. According to some Ulema the reason for calling the Eid Salaah and the day of Qurbaani Tashreeq is the fact that the Eid Salaah is performed when the sun is shining. This is also why the person who performs the Ishraaq Salaah is called a Mushriq, because he waits for the sun to rise. This is why the day of Eid is called Tashreeq.
….. The general practice in the world is to commemorate some great achievement. By and large, a statue, a figurehead, some special sculpture or building is erected and thought to be sufficient for this purpose whereby the person responsible for the great achievement is honored and revered. This objective will be achieved for some time but the essential heart and soul thereof does not remain alive.
This is why Islaam has given up the ancient custom of statues, figureheads and shapes of living objects and instead rendered adherence to their actions as a form of worship making it compulsory upon people till the Day of Qiyamah to do so. By means of doing this, not only does the memory of the individual’s achievement remain fresh in the minds of people but the fervor to emulate their pious actions also remains alive. No matter how strong a statue or effigy may be, it finally falls prey to the elements and withers away into non existence whereby every semblance of it is totally forgotten. On the other hand, Islaamic commemorations remain alive till the Day of Qiyamah.
A SPECIAL GIFT TO THE UMMAH OF MUHAMMAD (SAW)
….. No permission to eat a sacrificial animal existed from the time of Adam (RA) right up to the time of Hadhrat Eesa (AS). In fact, a fire from the heavens would come and consume such Qurbaani which had been accepted by Allaah . It is the special favour of Allaah upon the Ummah of Muhammad (SAW) whereby the meat of the Qurbaani animal is Halaal for them.
….. It is Mustahab for the person making Qurbaani to cut his hair once he has performed the Bakri Eid (Eidul-Adaa) Salaah followed by his Qurbaani. Even those who are not making Qurbaani will not be deprived of reward by imitating those making Qurbaani in this regard.
….. The Qurbaani of an animal whose hair has been cut is in order.
….. It is not permissible to cut the hair of an animal once it has been purchased with the intention of Qurbaani and if someone has done this, it will be Waajib for him to give its price in Sadaqah.
A BELOVED PRACTICE
عن عائشة قالت قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ما عمل يوم النحر أحب الى الله من اهراق الدم وانه لياتى يوم القيامة بقرونها واشعارها واظلافها وان الدم ليقع من الله بمكان قبل أن يقع بالأرض فطيبوا بها نفسا. ترمذي ١⁄٢٧٥ مشكوة ١٢٨
Hadhrat Ayesha radiyallaahu anha narrates that Rasulullaah (SAW) said that there is no action of the children of Aadam more beloved to Allaah on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, i.e. Eid ul Adha than Qurbaani. The Qurbaani animal will come on the Day of Qiyaamah with its horns and hair and hooves. And before the blood of the Qurbaani falls, he (the one for whom the Qurabaani is done) reaches the happiness and place of acceptance by Allaah. Therefore, O servants of Allaah, make Qurbaani with complete happiness of heart.