23
AUG
2017

Qurbaani Laws – Part 22

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PARTNERSHIP OF A POLYTHEIST

It is not permissible to be partners with a polytheist in Qurbaani. If a polytheist was made a partner on purpose, then none of the partners’ Qurbaani will be valid.

PERFORMING QURBAANI ON BEHALF OF THE DECEASED

…..It is permissible to make Qurbaani on behalf of the deceased and the deceased will get the reward. Hadhrat Ali (RA) used to slaughter a ram for himself and a ram on behalf of Rasulullaah (SAW).

…..There are two ways of making Qurbaani on behalf of a deceased person:

  1. One share of Qurbaani is made in the name of the deceased.
  2. Besides the compulsory Qurbaani of a person, another Qurbaani or share is made and the reward is passed on to the deceased. Both ways are permissible.

PERFORMING QURBAANI ON BEHALF OF THE DECEASED

…..There are two ways of making Qurbaani on behalf of the deceased. If the deceased made a bequest, then it is necessary to give the meat away in charity. It is not permissible for the wealthy to eat that meat.

If the deceased did not make a bequest, but the heirs and relatives made Qurbaani out of their own accord, then the wealthy and the poor can eat of it. It is not necessary to give all the meat in charity. However much a person wants to give in charity, he can give and however much he wants to keep, he can keep. It is permissible.

HOW SHOULD QURBAANI ON BEHALF OF THE DECEASED BE PERFORMED?

If a person is making Qurbaani on behalf of the deceased, then it is necessary to keep a separate share for each person that has passed away. One share is not sufficient for more than one deceased. It is however valid to make a nafl Qurbaani share and send the reward of it to more than one living and deceased individual/s. If a person has the ability, then a person should definitely make Qurbaani for the deceased. It carries great reward and the deceased benefits greatly.

PERFORMING QURBAANI ON BEHALF OF THE DECEASED WITH WEALTH OWNED IN PARTNERSHIP

A number of individuals cannot collectively make Qurbaani on behalf of a deceased person. One way that this could be done is that each person should gift the value of his share to someone. This person should make Qurbaani on the name of whoever he wishes. In this way, Qurbaani will be done and the deceased will also receive reward.

SIGN

It is valid to slaughter an animal which was injured or a mark came upon it by putting it down on the ground or by hitting it. However, it is better that Qurbaani of such an animal is also not made.

PARTNERSHIP OF WAAJIB (COMPULSORY) AND OPTIONAL QURBAANI

People can form a partnership in a big animal for compulsory Qurbaani as well as optional Qurbaani.

THE RULING OF WEALTH LEFT OVER BY THE REPRESENTATIVE

If a person takes up the responsibility to make Qurbaani as a representative, then it is necessary that he keeps record of each person’s amount separately. If an amount is left over, then it is necessary to give it back. If the representative wants to take a wage for doing the Qurbaani, then he can take it, but it is necessary that the wage should be stipulated from before.

TEETH

….. It is not valid to slaughter an animal for Qurbaani which has no teeth at all. If some teeth have fallen out, it should be determined whether the teeth remaining are more than those which fell out, in which case Qurbaani of such an animal will be sound.

….. If a sheep or goat is a year old, a cow, ox or buffalo is two years old and a camel is five years old, such animals will be acceptable for Qurbaani even though their teeth may not have come out. The required condition is reaching the appropriate required age. Thus, if in spite of a single tooth not having come out, the Qurbaani will still be valid due to the animals having reached the required age which is the condition for Qurbaani.

….. If all an animal’s teeth have fallen out due to old age but have no problem in grazing and eating fodder, its Qurbaani will be in order. Yes, if it is not able to graze and eat fodder properly, its Qurbaani will not be valid as has been discussed in no. 1.

THE TAKBEERAAT-E-TASHREEQ

….. Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Lailaha Illalahu Wallahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Walillahil Hamd

….. It is Waajib to recite this Takbeer at least once from after the Fajr Salaah of the ninth Zil Hijjah to the Asr of the thirteenth Zil Hijjah immediately after the Fardh Salaah.

….. Males should recite it aloud while ladies should recite it softly.

….. The Takbeer-e-Tashreeq should be recited immediately after the Salaam so much so that if one talks or intentionally breaks one’s Wudhu, the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq lapses.

…..If a Salaat was missed during the days of Tashreeq and it was performed in that very year during the days of Tashreeq, then in this case too, it is necessary to say the Takbeer after making Salaam after the Fardh Salaat.

…..It is necessary upon a Muqeem (resident) to recite the Takbeer e Tashreeq. Similarly, it is also necessary upon the Musaafir (traveller) due to following a Muqeem.

…..It is Waajib upon those who are performing Salaat with Jama’ah as well as those performing alone, men and women to recite the Tabeer e Tashreeq.

IT IS WAAJIB TO SAY THE TAKBEER-E-TASHREEQ ONCE

….. It is Waajib to say the Takbeer-e-Tashreeq once. To say it more than this is not Waajib.

DO NOT FAST DURING THE DAYS OF TASHREEQ

….. It is not valid to keep fast on the days of Tashreeq because those visiting the Kabah are the guests of Allaah  and it is not fitting for guests to go the house of their host and keep fast.

THE QADHA OF TAKBEER-E-TASHREEQ

…..If a person forgets to recite the words of Takbeer-e-Tashreeq after the Fardh Namaaz there is no Qadha for it later on. It will be necessary to make Taubah so that the sin can be forgiven.

THE SOUND OF THE TAKBEER

….. It is necessary to say the Takbeer with a moderate voice. Many people err in this regard by reciting it softly. Rectifying this is necessary.

TAIL

….. An animal which does not have a tail from birth is not permissible for Qurbaani. If an animal does have a tail but a third or more than a third is cut off, such an animal too, will not be permissible for Qurbaani.

….. According to one opinion if the animal has half a tail, whereby half has been cut off, it will be acceptable for Qurbaani. Consequently, if one is at such a place where animals with full tails or animals with tails cut to less than a third are not found, in such places, due to circumstances, Qurbaani of such animals will be permitted.

….. NOTE: In Africa the tails of animals are cut due to their opinion that this prevents the animals from being exposed to disease as a result of which animals with complete tails cannot be found. Therefore, if people there do not find sheep with full tails in spite of searching, will be allowed to make their Qurbaani with such tailless animals.

ANIMALS WITH CUT TAILS

….. Qurbaani of animals whose tails are cut off by more than a third is not valid.

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