BECOMING AN APPOINTED PERSON
Representation in Qurbaani is permissible. A person can make Qurbaani by being a representative of another person. It does not matter whether they are from one country or from different countries. No difference will come about in the ruling.
For example, a resident of Karachi, Pakistan can appoint someone in Lahore through phone, fax, mail or e-mail to do Qurbaani for him. Similarly, a person in Saudi Arabia can appoint someone in Pakistan or Afghanistan to make his Qurbaani for him.
THE BUSINESS IS IN PARTNERSHIP
If a person’s parents passed away and the children are staying together and doing business. So, if after distributing the wealth and property of the deceased, every child becomes a sahib-e-nisaab, then it is necessary for every mature child to make Qurbaani on his own name. If one brother does not make Qurbaani on behalf the other brothers, then the responsibility of Qurbaani remains on them. It is not compulsory upon the immature children to make Qurbaani.
A person has three types of choices as long as the skin is with him, (1) He can use it himself, (2) He can gift it to somebody, (3) He can give it in charity to the poor and needy.
If a person sold the skin for cash or he sold it for something else, then it is compulsory upon him to give that amount in charity.
It is permissible to sell the skin with the intention of giving the amount in charity. It is a sin to sell the skin with the intention of using the money one’s self, even though the sale might be valid.
REMOVING THE SKIN
…..When an animal is slaughtered in accordance to the Shari’ah and its blood has come out, i.e. it has cooled down, then it is permissible to remove the skin. It does not matter whether one takes the entire skin off at once, or in small pieces or a person could include the skin of the horns to the skin of the body. All these methods are valid.
…..It is impermissible and Haraam to remove the skin after slaughtering the animal, before it has cooled down. It is necessary to stay away from such an action.
THE SKIN GOT BURNT
If the hair of an animal does not stand properly because of the skin getting burnt and there is no wound and all the limbs are intact and healthy, then it will be permissible to slaughter it for Qurbaani.
SELLING THE SKIN BEFORE SLAUGHTERING
It is Haraam to sell the skin before slaughtering the animal. For this reason, those who sell the skin before slaughtering are doing an action that is impermissible and Haraam. Otherwise, it is permissible to be true to one’s word.
GIVING THE SKIN IN EXCHANGE FOR SOMETHING
…..It is not permissible to give the skin of the Qurbaani animal to the worker, Imam, Muazzin or servant as a wage.
…..If the above mentioned individuals are deserving of Zakaat, then it is valid to give it to them without taking anything in return.
…..It is not permissible to give the skin of the Qurbaani animal to the butcher as a wage.
GIVING THE SKIN TO SOMEONE
It is permissible to use the skin of the Qurbaani animal and it is permissible to give it to someone, whether he is wealthy or poor, a Hashimi or anyone else, ones parents or ones children. It is also not compulsory to make the person the owner of it because it is permissible to use it as a Musallah, a bucket, or for anything else in which it is not necessary to make someone the owner. However, if the person making Qurbaani does not benefit from the skin, nor does he gift to someone, but he sells it, then it will be compulsory to give the value in charity.
GIVING THE VALUE OF THE SKIN AS WAGES
It is not permissible to give the value of the skin as wages because it is necessary to give the value of the skin in charity and the reality of charity is that it should be given to a poor needy person without taking anything in return. If it is given as wages, then it will be hiring. If it is given to a rich person, then it will be a gift, not charity. Poor people and poor students are deserving of it.
MAKING THE VALUE OF THE SKIN A MEANS OF EARNING
It is not permissible to make the value of the skin a means of earning. Those who collect the skins should give it to the poor as soon as possible, otherwise, they will be sinful.
USING THE VALUE OF THE SKIN
It is not permissible to use the value of the skin after selling it. If a person used it, then it will be compulsory to give its value in charity, otherwise the full reward of Qurbaani will not be attained.
THOSE DESERVING OF THE VALUE OF THE SKIN
Those deserving of the skins are the same as those that deserve Zakaat, i.e. poor Muslims, the students of orphanages, Deeni Madaaris, those in need etc.
MAKING A PLAN WITH THE VALUE OF THE SKIN
…..It is necessary to give the value of the skin of the Qurbaani animal in charity to the poor and needy if a person sold it, i.e. it is necessary to make them the owner of it. It is not permissible to give it to anyone besides the poor and needy. If there is a severe need to spend this money on someone besides the poor and needy, then it is necessary to make a plan. The method of the plan is that after selling the skin, the amount should be given to a needy or poor person and he should be made the complete owner of it. It should then be told to him that give it on your own accord to a Masjid or Madrasah building or towards the salaries of the teachers etc. and he gives it on his own accord. It will then be permissible to use this money for the Masjid, Madrasah or the teacher’s salaries. This condition should not be made at the time of giving the money, but it should be told to him after he has been made the owner.
…..If the person slaughtered an animal and gave the skin to a poor deserving person and the person who received it then sold it. It will be permissible for him to give it for the wages of the teachers or in the building of the Masjid. However, if the person who made the Qurbaani sold it himself, then he cannot give it as wages or in the Masjid, but it will be necessary for him to give it in charity.
SLAUGHTERING A COW
Slaughtering a cow is proven from the Qur’aan and Hadith. Seven people can form a partnership in it.
SLAUGHTERING FROM THE BACK OF THE NECK
It is prohibited to slaughter the animal from the back of the neck. The meat of an animal slaughtered from the back of the neck side is not Halaal according to Hadhrat Abdullaah bin ‘Abbaas (RA).
THE THROAT WAS CUT
If the throat of the chicken or any other animal was totally separated from the body during slaughter, then it will be valid to eat it, it is not Makruh. It is however Makruh to intentionally slaughter the animal in such a way. The animal will not be Makruh.
GIVING THE SKINS IN THE MASAAJID
After selling the skins, it is compulsory to give the value accrued in charity. The reality of charity is that whoever is given the charity, he is made the owner of it. This is because transfer of ownership is not found in giving it to the Masjid. It is for this reason that it is not permissible to give the value accrued towards the building of the Masjid, or towards the wages of the Mu’azzin and Imam and worker.
THE SLAUGHTERED ANIMAL OF A MUSLIM
…..The slaughtered animal of a Muslim is Halaal. A person should not doubt the slaughtered animal of either a new or old Muslim. It is permissible to take the name of Allaah (SWT) and eat it.
…..The slaughtered animal of every Muslim is Halaal. No difference will be created in the Halaal status of the animal due to someone’s ill nature or verbal abuse.