….. It is permissible to slaughter a goat.
….. The condition for a goat is that it should be a year old.
THERE IS ONLY ONE SHARE IN A GOAT
….. There is only a single share in one goat. If two people get together and make the intention for both their Qurbaani in the same animal, neither person’s Qurbaani will be valid.
….. The Qurbaani of buffaloes both male and female is permissible.
A SQUINT ANIMAL
….. The Qurbaani of a squint animal is valid.
….. The Qurbaani of oxen is permissible and the same applies to cows but it is conditional for them to be two years old.
THERE WAS NO INTENTION OF QURBAANI AT THE TIME OF PURCHASING THE ANIMAL
….. If at the time of purchasing an animal the intention was not to use it for Qurbaani and the intention to do so was made later, it will not be compulsory to make Qurbaani of this animal.
IT IS MORE MERITORIOUS TO CARE FOR AND NURTURE THE ANIMAL SOME TIME BEFORE QURBAANI
….. It is more praiseworthy to care for and nurture the Qurbaani animal for some time beforehand so that love for the animal increases and greater reward can be reaped for sacrificing an animal that was beloved to one.
QURBAANI OF AN ANIMAL IS AN ACT OF WORSHIP
….. Qurbaani was established as an act of worship and a means of attaining closeness to Allaah from the time of Hadhrat Adam . During that time there was a special sign of acceptance whereby a fire from the heavens would come and consume the animal after it was slaughtered.
THE ANIMAL GETS LOST
….. If a Saahib-e-Nisaab purchased an animal for Qurbaani and thereafter the animal gets lost subsequent to which he purchases a second animal but before making Qurbaani the initial animal is found and he now has two Qurbaani animals in his possession, it will now be Waajib for him to sacrifice one of the two animals and not both for Qurbaani. Yes, it will be Mustahab to sacrifice both the animals.
On the other hand, if this happens in the case of some poor person, it will be Waajib for him to sacrifice both the animals because Qurbaani is not Waajib on such a poor person but since he purchased an animal for Qurbaani, it has now become Waajib upon him and since he purchased two animals with this intention, sacrificing both have now become Waajib upon him.
ANIMALS GET EXCHANGED
….. If an animal was purchased for Qurbaani and another animal had to be given instead, the second animal should not be less in value than the first. If the second animal was bought for less than the value of the first animal, the difference in value must be given away as Sadaqah.
ANIMALS BECOME UNAVAILABLE OR SCARCE
….. If in some country or area Qurbaani animals become scarce or unavailable due to war, riots, mutiny, curfew, murder and pillage or floods etc. and in spite of searching, one does not find an animal within the three days of Qurbaani, one should then give away in charity the value of a Qurbaani animal or the value of the share in a big animal.
THE AGES OF ANIMALS
….. The ages of animals for Qurbaani are fixed:
A goat: One year old.
A cow, buffalo or ox: Two years old.
A camel: Needs to be five years old.
If the animals for Qurbaani are younger than this, their Qurbaani will not be permissible.
….. If a ram or ewe is older than six months but less than a year old but is so fat and healthy that it appears to be a year old and if left among year old rams and ewes, it does not appear to be younger than them, Qurbaani of such an animal is also permissible. If it is less than six months old, its Qurbaani is not permissible even though it is very healthy and fat. This rule of being less than a year applies only to sheep, rams and ewes.
….. If an animal falls short by a day or so in reaching the one year mark, its Qurbaani will not be valid.
….. If there is predominant certainty of an animal having reached the right age it will be valid to make its Qurbaani otherwise not. If an animal appears to be of the right age but it is known with certainty that it has still not reached that mark, Qurbaani of such an animal will not be valid. (The exception, as discussed above is in the case of a sheep be it a ram or a ewe.)
….. If an animal appears to be under age but it is known with certainty that it has reached the appropriate age, its Qurbaani will be valid.