DISTRIBUTING THE MEAT BEFORE SHARING AMONG PARTNERS
….. The ruling with regard to giving away with permission, some meat from an animal which was slaughtered on behalf of numerous shareholders, it will be in order provided that there was no share based on a vow taken because in such a case, its distribution to the poor is not Waajib. On the other hand, if there was a vow taken by some shareholder and meat was given to a wealthy person, it is not permissible because in this case it is Waajib for the one taking the vow to give this meat away to the poor as Sadaqah. Thus, the gist of the matter is that the Qurbaani will be done but the person taking a vow will have to offer the price of his share as Sadaqah which was given to some wealthy person.
IT IS MUSTAHAB TO GIVE A THIRD AS SADAQAH
….. It is Mustahab to allocate a third of the meat from the Qurbaani animal for Sadaqah but it is better for one who has family or is a member of tribe not to allocate anything for Sadaqah but to rather keep all the meat for his family members.
….. To tan (make biltong) of a Qurbaani animal is Mustahab and if it is sold, it will be Waajib to give its value in Sadaqah.
….. To milk an animal after having bought it for Qurbaani is not permissible. If one has done this, it will be Waajib to give this milk or its equivalent value away in Sadaqah.
GIVING THE MEAT OF A QURBAANI ANIMAL TO A NON MUSLIM
See ‘giving meat to a non-Muslim’
THE SLAUGHTERED ANIMAL OF A NON MUSLIM
In order for the meat of a slaughtered animal to be Halaal, it is a condition that the slaughterer be a Muslim or a person from the people of the book. (those who slaughter using the old system).The slaughtered animal of a non Muslim or of a person who is not from the people of the book is not Halaal.
TO FEED THE QURBAANI MEAT TO WORKERS
After cooking the Qurbaani meat, it is permissible to feed it to the workers because the rulings of Qurbaani do not apply after the meat has been cooked.
GIVING MEAT TO A NON MUSLIM
…..It is permissible to give Qurbaani meat to a non Muslim – not as payment. However, the reward for giving to poor Muslims is more because it is Mustahab. Therefore, we should make an effort to give the Qurbaani meat to Muslims.
…..If there is a definite underlying reason, then a person can give the Qurbaani meat to a non Muslim, but it is not better because the poor Muslims are not any less in number.
…..It is permissible to give the Qurbaani meat to the one that collects dirt.
It is permissible to eat Halaal raw meat. Cooking is not a condition for the meat to be Halaal.
It is permissible to eat the heel because it is not from among the Haraam parts.
…..It is valid to eat the Qurbaani meat, to give it to the wealthy and poor, to dry it and keep it and to keep it in the fridge.
…..Besides the meat of a Qurbaani made by vow or bequest, the meat of any Qurbaani can be eaten by the poor and wealthy.
DISTRIBUTING THE MEAT BY WEIGHT
…..If seven people are partners in a big animal, then the meat should be weighed and distributed. It should not be distributed by estimation, otherwise the partners will be sinful due to the aspect of interest which will crop up if one person gets more and another person gets less. However, if the trotters, skin etc. is added to the meat and then it is distributed and if the meat is less, then there is no problem, it does not matter how much less the meat is.
…..If all the shareholders are eating in one place, they are not in different places, then there is no need to weigh the meat and distribute it.
…..If all the shareholders are happy if the meat is not distributed, it is rather all cooked at one place and eaten or it is given in charity, then it is permissible. There is no need to distribute it. However, if even one of the shareholders is not happy with this arrangement, and he wants his share to be measured and wants to take it away, then it will be necessary to distribute it.
…..Seven people can have shares in a big animal for Qurbaani. There is no difference if the shareholders are locals or strangers. If the shareholders are one’s brothers, are of one household etc. then there is no need to distribute the meat. If they want, they can all gather and keep the meat together and eat from it.
WASHING THE MEAT
The meat of an animal that has been slaughtered in a Halaal way that has been separated is pure. It is not necessary to wash it before cooking. It is not prohibited to wash it and cook it. A person can do whatever he likes.
IT IS NECESSARY TO GIVE THE MEAT AS SADAQAH
If the Qurbaani was of a vow or of a bequest, then it is necessary to all the meat to the poor and needy. The person who slaughtered the animal, or his relatives and wealthy people cannot eat of it. Besides these two types of Qurbaani, the person slaughtering, his family, wealthy and poor people can eat of the meat.
SELLING THE MEAT
If a person sold the Qurbaani meat, then it is necessary for him to give the equal amount of cash in charity.
BECOMING A PARTNER IN INTENDING TO SELL THE MEAT
Seven people got together and bought an animal. It was then learnt that the intention of one person was to sell the meat. In such a case, another person making Qurbaani should buy the share of such a person, then the Qurbaani should be made, otherwise the Qurbaani of all the shareholders will be corrupted. None of the shareholder’s Qurbaani will be valid because it is necessary that Qurbaani be done solely for the pleasure of Allaah (SWT), otherwise the Qurbaani will not be valid.
MAKING QURBAANI WITH THE INTENTION OF EATING MEAT
…..If a person made Qurbaani with the intention of eating meat, not with the intention of attaining reward, then his Qurbaani is not valid. It is necessary for such a person to do another Qurbaani during the days of Qurbaani.
…..If one of the shareholders in a Qurbaani animal did not make the intention of reward and he did not make the intention of making a compulsory Qurbaani, he made the intention to make Qurbaani only to eat meat, then his Qurbaani is not valid. If a person did this on purpose in a big animal, then none of the shareholder’s Qurbaani will be valid. It is necessary for all of them to make another Qurbaani.
DISTRIBUTING THE MEAT
It is better that the meat is divided into three parts. One part for one’s house, a second part for one’s relatives and friends and a third part for the poor and needy. However, if one’s family is big and one needs the meat, then one can keep the meat for one’s house. It is not a sin.
Qurbaani is not compulsory on a mad person. If a mad person has wealth that is equal to nisaab, gold or silver, or trading stock or he has wealth that is over and above his basic needs, then it is not compulsory upon his guardian to make Qurbaani on his behalf because it is a condition to be sane in order for Qurbaani to become compulsory.