THE NIYYAH IS INVALID
If one person from among the shareholders in a Qurbaani animal did not make the intention of reward, nor did he make the intention of fulfilling a compulsory Qurbaani, but he intended only to eat meat or to serve at a wedding, then the Qurbaani will not be valid and none of the shareholders’ Qurbaani will be done.
THE NIYYAH IS DIFFERENT
Among the shareholders, some intended nafl Qurbaani and another intended a compulsory Qurbaani or one person intended compulsory Qurbaani and another made intention of Aqeeqah, then Qurbaani will be done because all of them made the intention of attaining reward from their share.
THE SLAUGHTERED ANIMAL OF A JEW
If a Jew or Christian believes in the principles of his religion and the messengers and divine books, they are not science or star worshippers and he takes the name of Allaah and slaughters, he does not take the name of anyone besides Allaah, then this slaughtered animal of the Jew and Christian will be Halaal and it will be permissible to eat of its meat.
However, most of the Jews and Christians today are atheists, irreligious, science worshippers and star worshippers. They are only Ahl e Kitaab by name, they do not have any link with religion. In fact, we learn from their actions and words that they have no connection with Deen. Therefore, it is not valid to call such Jews and Christians ‘Ahl e Kitaab’ and their slaughtered animals are not Halaal. Therefore, that which is Halaal and not doubtful should not be left for that which is doubtful and a person should refrain totally from their slaughtered animals. The ruling of the animals slaughtered by the Christians is the same.
….. The knife used to slaughter an animal for Qurbaani must be sharp so that the animal is subject to the least amount of suffering. The knife should not be sharpened in front of any animals.
HOLDING THE KNIFE ALONG WITH THE SLAUGHTERER
….. When a person holds the knife along with the person that is actually slaughtering, it is Waajib for that person to recite “Bismillah Allahu Akbar” otherwise the animal will be Haraam and eating its meat will not be permissible. This is not the case with those who are assisting by holding the feet, head etc.
IMAMAT BY THE ONE SLAUGHTERING
It is permissible for the one slaughtering a Qurbaani animal or non-Qurbaani animal to make Imamat. There is no dislike created by taking a wage for slaughtering.
If a Kaafir accepts Islaam during the days of Qurbaani, in fact, even before sunset of the 12th, and he is wealthy and possesses nisaab, then one share of Qurbaani is compulsory upon him if the time of Qurbaani is remaining, otherwise it will be necessary for him to give the value of a medium sized goat in charity if the time has already passed.
THE QURBAANI ANIMAL GOT LOST
…..If Qurbaani was compulsory on a person and he bought an animal for it. The animal got lost, then it is compulsory upon him to slaughter another animal in its place.
…..If after slaughtering the animal for Qurbaani, the person found the first animal, then it is not compulsory to slaughter the first one. However, it is better to slaughter it as well.
…..If this person is poor and Qurbaani is not compulsory upon him and he bought an animal with the intention of Qurbaani and that animal got lost, he then took another animal and made Qurbaani. He found the lost animal during the days of Qurbaani as well. So, in this case, it becomes necessary to slaughter the lost animal as well because whenever a poor person buys an animal with the intention of Qurbaani, it falls in the category of a vow and it is compulsory to fulfill a vow.
TAKING A LOAN AND MAKING QURBAANI
If Qurbaani is compulsory and a person does not have cash, then it will be necessary for him to take a loan and make Qurbaani. If Qurbaani is not compulsory, then it is not better to take a loan. If he does the Qurbaani, it will be permissible and he will get the reward and it will be necessary to fulfill his loan.
…..If a library is by a person who is not educated, but he is keeping it for someone else to study and the books equal or is more than the nisaab amount, then Qurbaani is compulsory on the owner of those books.
…..If the owner of the library is educated and he has kept it for study, then Qurbaani is not compulsory upon the owner of the books.
…..If the books of the library are for trade and the value of the books equal or is more than nisaab, then Qurbaani is compulsory upon the owner.
…..It is not valid to make Qurbaani of an animal that is so lame that it can only walk with three legs, it cannot put the fourth leg on the ground, or it can put the fourth leg on the ground but it cannot put its body weight on it.
If the animal places its fourth foot on the ground, and it takes support from it, but it limps, then Qurbaani of it is valid.
…..It is not permissible to make Qurbaani of such an animal that is so lame that it cannot walk to the place of slaughter.
BUYING AN ANIMAL ON LOAN
It is permissible to make Qurbaani with money taken on loan. However, it is impermissible and Haraam to take a loan on interest.
….. If a person becomes mature before sunset of the 10th -11th or 12th of Zil Hijjah and he is wealthy, one share in a Qurbaani will become Waajib on him.
MONEY IN TRUST
….. It is not permissible to purchase a Qurbaani animal with money held in trust. Yes, it will be permissible if permission from the owner is received. Other than this, it will be compulsory for the one making Qurbaani to return the money to the owner.
DISTRIBUTING MEAT BY ESTIMATION FOR SHARE-HOLDERS
….. It is not permissible to distribute Qurbaani meat by estimation. It is necessary to weigh equally when giving. If there is an excess or shortage of meat when giving the different shareholders their shares, it will amount to interest and the taking, giving and eating of interest is Haraam.
….. It is permissible to eat tripe.
SHINY PART OF TRIPE
….. The shiny part of tripe is Halaal without any abomination.
TO EXCHANGE AND MAKE EACH OTHERS QURBAANI BY MISTAKE
….. Two people purchased two goats for Qurbaani and by mistake one person slaughters the goat of the other, both people’s Qurbaani will be valid and it will not be Waajib on either to substitute or give its value in money.
ROASTING AND EATING
….. It will be valid to roast Qurbaani meat on a fire and eat it.