|QURBAANI IS A REMEMBERANCE OF IBRAHEEM (AS)
The yearly Qurbaani of an animal that is compulsory on those who are able is remembrance of Hadhrat Ibraaheem (RA). It is for this reason that the responsibility of Qurbaani is not fulfilled by giving charity as opposed to slaughtering an animal and one will not be practicing upon the remembrance of Hadhrat Ibraaheem (RA).
QURBAANI IS AN IMPORTANT FORM OF WORSHIP
Qurbaani is an important form of worship and is from among the signs of Islaam. It was also understood to be worship during the days of ignorance, but they used to make Qurbaani in the name of idols. Similarly, until today, people of other faiths make Qurbaani as a religious custom. They make Qurbaani in the name of an idol or in the name of Isa (RA).
WARNINGS FOR NOT MAKING QURBAANI
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال من كان له سعة ولم سضح فلا يقربن مصلانا
Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrates that Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “He who does not make Qurbaani despite having the capacity should not come close to our Musallah.”
PREVIOUS SINS FORGIVEN
It is narrated from Hadhrat Abu Sa’eed Khudri (RA) that Rasulullaah (SAW) said to Hadhrat Faatima radiyallaahu anha, “Faatima, stand and stay by your Qurbaani animal (and see it being slaughtered) because your previous sins are forgiven with the first drop of blood that falls on the ground.”
Hadhrat Faatima radiyallaahu anha asked, “O Rasul of Allaah, is this virtue special with us (the family of Rasulullaah (SAW)) or are we and all the Muslims deserving of this reward?” Rasulullaah (SAW) said, “It is for us and for all the Muslims.” [At Targhib wat Tarheeb vol.2 p.393]
It is not permissible to make Qurbaani of a horse. It is not proven verbally or practically from Rasulullaah (SAW).
Men and women should wear their best clothes on the day of Eid, whether new or used. It is better for men to wear white. It is permissible to wear clothing of other colours. Red and yellow clothing is Makruh for men.
If a person has more than one house, then if the value of the house equals or exceeds that of nisaab, then one share of Qurbaani is compulsory upon this person.
THE HOUSE IS GIVEN ON RENT
…..If a person has one house, but he does not stay in it, but he has given it on rent, and he himself stays in a rented house, then one share of Qurbaani is compulsory upon him because this house is over and above his basic needs at this moment.
…..If a person’s house is given on rent or it is free or is lying empty and the person himself stays in a rented house or he is staying there for free, in every case, consideration is given to the value of the house because this house is currently not part of the basic necessities of the person.
IS CHARITY OR QURBAANI MORE VIRTUOUS FOR THE DECEASED?
It is more virtuous to make Qurbaani on behalf of the deceased for Isaal e Thawaab than it is to give charity during the days of Qurbaani. It is more virtuous to send the reward to the deceased because only wealth is utilized in charity and in Qurbaani, together with wealth, a person sacrifices a lot. That is why it is more virtuous to make Qurbaani.
If a person does not make Qurbaani despite possessing nisaab, then he will be a sinner. Rasulullaah (SAW) said that whoever does not make Qurbaani despite having the ability should not come close to my Eid Gaah, i.e. he is not worthy of presenting himself in the court of Allaah (SWT).
….. It is in order to make Qurbaani of an animal that itches but if due to this the animal has become completely weak or if the itch proceeds from the skin and effects the meat, Qurbaani of such an animal will not be valid.
THE INTENTION OF QURBAANI
It is sufficient to make the intention of Qurbaani in the heart. It is not necessary to say it verbally. However, it is necessary to say بسم الله الله اكبر at the time of slaughtering.
A PERSON BOUGHT AN ANIMAL WITH THE INTENTION OF QURBAANI
If a sahib-e-nisaab bought an animal with the intention of Qurbaani stating that I will slaughter it as compulsory Qurbaani during the days of Qurbaani, then it is not compulsory upon this person to slaughter that animal. It will be sufficient if he slaughters another animal in its place. However, it is Makruh to change that animal without a valid need. If it was changed because of some necessity, e.g. such a fault was created in it that would render Qurbaani of it impermissible, then it would be necessary to change it, otherwise, the responsibility of Qurbaani does not fall off by slaughtering an animal that has a fault in it.
…..If a prisoner is a resident, he possesses nisaab, then it will be compulsory upon him to slaughter an animal during the days of Qurbaani. He should do it in the jail or he should tell someone outside the jail. He should do it anywhere out of the jail. In any case, it is necessary for him to do Qurbaani.
…..If a prisoner is imprisoned in another country or he is imprisoned in his country but at a distance of safr (77Km) and he is the owner of nisaab, then Qurbaani will not be compulsory upon him.
It is valid to slaughter an animal that has a sickness of itching but it has not yet reached the meat. If the effect of the sickness or wound has reached the meat, then it will not be valid to use that animal for Qurbaani.
A DEFECT WAS CREATED DUE TO FALLING
If a Qurbaani animal was put down for slaughter, and a fault was created in it. Then no consideration is given to this fault. The Qurbaani of this animal will be valid.
BRANDING WITH IRON
It is valid to make Qurbaani of an animal that has been branded with iron on its thigh etc. It is however better that there is no apparent fault on the animal.
If an immature boy or girl is wealthy, owns nisaab, then Qurbaani is not compulsory upon such a person. It is not permissible for a guardian to make Qurbaani from the wealth of an immature child. If a guardian does Qurbaani with his own wealth on behalf of immature children, then he can do it and they will be rewarded.
PERFORMING QURBAANI ON BEHALF OF IMMATURE CHILDREN
It is not compulsory on a wealthy person to make Qurbaani on behalf of immature children. It is Mustahab. If he does Qurbaani, he will be rewarded and if he does not do it, there is no sin.
THE SLAUGHTERED ANIMAL OF AN IMMATURE CHILD
An immature child can slaughter an animal. If he said بسم الله الله اكبر and slaughtered then it is permissible and it is Halaal to eat the meat.
…..It is necessary to make the intention of Qurbaani at the time of buying the animal or at the time of slaughtering the animal, otherwise the Qurbaani will not be valid.
…..If a person bought an animal with the intention of Qurbaani but at the time of slaughtering, he did not have this in mind. The Qurbaani will be valid.