Question ID: 26720
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Assalam o alaikum,
Respected Mufti Sahab, I want some clarification regarding zikr. I have heard that doing zikr while gathering in not allowed but individually it is allowed. But recently I read about a question regarding zikr in a gathering. Please tell me how to go about it. I am sending you the copy of the question and answer.

QUESTION: What is the position of reciting 40 Durood in a gathering? Should a person recite it individually? Is there a Hadith that supports the fact that the Sahaaba and those after them recited Durood in their gatherings?

A: It is permissible to read durood in a gathering, as it is permissible to make thikr in a gathering. It is reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: Beautify your gatherings with salaat upon me�. And Hazrat Ayesha (radhiyallahu anha) once told people: Adorn your gatherings with salaat upon the Messenger.� These statements are recorded in the book Al-Maqaasidul-Hasanah. In a sound hadith narrated by Imam Bazzar RA it is stated: Verily Allah has angels who travel around the earth seeking the halqas (circles) of thikr. When they arrive at such gatherings these angels surround them, then they send a report back to Allah The Most Exalted, Lord of Honour, stating:O Our Lord! We came across a group of your servants who were honouring Your Favours, reciting Your Book, and sending salutations upon Your Rasool Muhammad. Allah then commands: Envelope them with mercy. The angels then petition Allah: O Our Rabb! Among them is a certain sinner who only joined them at the end of the gathering; (what about him)? Allah, The Almighty replies: Envelope him also with My Mercy, for they are such people that whoever joins them will never become wretched. (Al-Qowlul-Badee p.117)
. From the above narrations we learn that to read durood in a gathering is a virtuous act that is loved by Allah Taala and was encouraged by Our Rasool (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and his Sahaaba. The forty durood are taken from authentic books of hadith. Therefore, if people read these durood or any other durood in a gathering it is not only permissible but very rewarding and highly encouraged, especially in this day and age when people seldom engage in the thikr of Allah. However, one should not regard this as compulsory and should not condemn those who do not join.
Please throw some light on this issue as even hadith is quoted in this regard.

Jazzak Allah!

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Asked on June 16, 2014 2:04 pm
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1) The Hadith quoted is denoting individual Zikr or reading Durood whilst in a gathering.
2) Was there a '4o Durood' compiled during the life time of Rasulullaah (S.A.W) or even during the best of Eras? No.
Note the following carefully:
http://www.alislam.co.za/uploads/The20Customary20Zikr20In20Masjids20-20Mufti20Rashid.pdf
http://www.alislam.co.za/uploads/Zikr20In20The20Masjid.pdf
http://www.alislam.co.za/uploads/Zikr20-20Benefits20Of.pdf
http://www.alislam.co.za/uploads/Soft20Zikr.pdf
1) To make Zikr is rewardable, laudable, praiseworthy, and has over a 100 benefits. (See above article on benefits of Zikr.)
2) Soft Zikr is better than loud Zikr. (See above article on Zikr)
3) To make loud Zikr in congregation, in unision, and in the Masjid is not proven. Some have classified this as Bid'at. ( See act of Hadhrat Abdullah bin Masood (R.A) as quoted in above articles.)
4) People sitting in a room can make loud Zikr individually under the guidance of a qualified Sheikh.
5) For one person to recite Durood and for others to listen, without being forced to, called to, or looked down upon for not listening is permissible.
6) To make Zikr as the Shariat has prescribed is permissible.
7) 'Sahabah (R.A) should not gather in the Masjid or in their homes to make Zikr' Mulla Ali Qari (A.R).
8) Do what has been proven; do not add or subtract from Deen.
 
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Answered on June 16, 2014 2:04 pm