Question ID: 30601
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Dearest Ulemas.
Assalamualaikum Wrt wbr
I pray that my messages reaches you in the best of health. I woud be grateful if you could enlighten us on the issue below, urgently if possible.

The question is about some issues regarding our Qurbani project which has been running in Mauritius for nearly 5 years now and which involves about 7000 Muslims. I would like to provide you with some background before asking the questions.

Background:

Since 2005 our organisation has been running a Unique Qurbani project whereby we perform Qurbani in India on behalf of Muslims from Mauritius and then we send the Qurbani meat to Mauritius which is distributed to all those on whose behalf we have performed the Qurbani.
The project has touched almost every corner of the country and people from different mazhabs, masajids are involved including some local scholars. This year the amount of participants are approximately 7000.

The Qurbani is performed in one of India most modern slaughterhouse and is supervised by Jammat Ulema Hind. After the Qurbani, the meat is packed in boxes and shipped in refrigerated containers to Mauritius.

The Qurbani meat reaches Mauritius approx. 4 weeks after Eid ul Adha.

When the meat arrive in Mauritius we deliver the boxes to whoever has taken part in the Qurbani.

We have received a few fatwa regarding the permissibility of the project. The fatwa are from Dar-Ul-Ifta and Jami Binoria of Karachi. These can be seen on our website www.qurbaniservices.com.

The reason why we initiated this project was to give an opportunity to everyone to perform their Qurbani at an affordable price.
Nowadays a cattle cost approximately ?1200 in Mauritius. Years after years the price has been increasing without control due to market exploitation by a group of people who practically have monopoly over the imports of cattle. Due to this, Qurbani is becoming a luxury to many people with a Qurbani share costing about ?180. As an alternative many people were paying a small sum of money to various local organisations to get their Qurbani perform abroad as Sadaqa (costing Approx ?10-11 per share).
Our organisation has come up with a middle solution to the issue. We encourage people to do their Qurbani in Mauritius if they have the mean as this is the best practice. However, for those who are finding it difficult, we perform their Qurbani in India where the cattle is cheaper and then we send the Qurbani meat back to them. This allows them at least a minimum participation in the Qurbani whereby they can take possession of the Qurbani meat, taste it and distribute it to local people in Mauritius also.
The Qurbani cost approx. 36 a share which includes a service fee charged by our organisation.

The main issue on which we require a Fatwa is about the way the qurbani meat is packed and the permissibility of eating the same.

At the time of Qurbani every single cattle is labelled so that we know exactly whose Qurbani is being performed in each cattle – i.e. Cattle No 1 is for Mr A, Mr B, Mr C et.

However, when it comes to the packing of the meat, for various reasons we are unable to keep track of whose meat goes in which box.So we cannot say that Box 1 is for Mr A.
This is mainly due to the volume of the project. We now slaughter approx 900 cattles and pack about 90 Tonnes of meat and it is very difficult to keep track of the specific meat
The second reason is that labelling each box creates difficulties at the time of the distribution.Boxes comes in 40 ft refrigerated containers. Each container has about 1800 boxes. Hence if Mr A comes to collect his Qurbani it is difficult to find his box among all the containers.

For the above reason, after the Qurbani, all the meat is grouped together and then separated into equal portions. Each participant in the Qurbani receives a portion (box).

The amount of meat obtained from each cattle varries and the participants are aware of this. However, for export purposes we need to do standard boxes. Hence, we do standard boxes of 14-15kg. Normally the amount of meat obtained from the Qurbani are lesser but we perform additional Udhiyyah and top up if necessary to ensure that every meat boxes are standard.

The participants in the Qurbani project are fully informed of the above and are happy to collect the Qurbani meat in this way, hence impliedly agrees that their Qurbani meat may be given to someone and that they might receive someone else’s meat.

The main questions are:

1)Is the Qurbani in tehe above instance valid?

2)Are the participants in the project allow to eat the meat they have collected although they cannot say for sure if the box they have collected contain the meat of the actual cattle which was slaughtered on their behalf. (note that the participants are aware before the Qurbani that they will not get the exact meat and are prepare to give their meat to another participants.)

3)If the answer to question 2 is in the negative, if ever, at the time of paying for the Qurbani, each participant make the intention that he will gift his Qurbani meat to any of the other participants, will this make it permissible for the participant to eat from the Qurbani meat they have collected.

I would be grateful if you could enlighten us on the above and provide us with some suggestions on how we may ammeliorate the project.

We pray to Allah (swt) for your success in this world and the hereafter.

Wassalam

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Asked on January 9, 2009 12:00 am
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Private answer
Sorry for the delay. I am sure that you have Ulema in your organisation. Looking at an excellent research entitled 'Qurbaani Ke Masaail Ka Encyclopedia' by Mufti Mohammad Inamul Haq from Darul Ifta Jamia ul Uloom Islaamia Allamah Binori Town Karachi: See Pages 147/8/9. Because of non specific meat coming into the hands of not the real/actual owners, this although the Qurbaani will be valid but due to increase will tantamount to interest has to give away to the poor. All of it.
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Answered on January 9, 2009 12:00 am