|After making brief mention of a few Ambiya (A.S), Allaah says, “Yunus was certainly from the messengers.” [verse 139] Thereafter, Allaah recounts the epic of Hadhrat Yunus (A.S) who grew weary of his people’s rejection and left the town without Allaah’s permission. When he undertook a journey by sea, a huge fish swallowed him whole. While in the fish’s stomach He repented to Allaah and Allaah forgave him. Allaah removed him from the fish’s belly and returned him to land.Surah Saad follows Surah Saaffaat. Allaah speaks of the obstinacy and pride of the Mushrikeen who did not want to accept the truth and refused to even listen to Rasululllaah (sallAllaahu-alayhi-wa-sallam). Allaah says that it is strange that “They are surprised that a warner has come from amongst them.” [verse 4]
Allaah then reminds man of the various nations of the past that He destroyed on account of their sins so that they do not follow in their footsteps. Allaah also exhorts Rasululllaah (sallAllaahu-alayhi-wa-sallam) to patiently bear the harassment of the kuffaar. The Surah then proceeds to recount an incident in the life of Hadhrat Dawood (A.S) when Allaah tested him by making him judge a dispute between two persons. When he realised that it was a test from Allaah, he fell down in prostration before Allaah and begged forgiveness.
The incident of Hadhrat Ayyoob (A.S) follows that of Hadhrat Dawood (A.S) and another of Hadhrat Sulaymaan (A.S). Allaah speaks about the severe illness that afflicted Hadhrat Ayyoob (A.S) which he endures with Herculean perseverance. Allaah then talks about certain other Ambiya (A.S), Allaah of whom Allaah says were “from the very best.” [verse 48]
Thereafter, Allaah mentions that He granted Iblees respite to live till the Day of Qiyaamah. Although he will mislead mankind, he will have no power to deviate those whom Allaah has specially selected.
Surah Zumar commences after Surah Saad and explains that Allaah will not guide people who lie and who refuse to believe. The Surah also emphasises that Allaah has not taken anyone as His son. Allaah is Alone, Omnipotent and does not require anything from the creation. Every person will have to account for his own doings when people are returned to Allaah on the Day of Qiyaamah.
Allaah says that the Qur’aan is a book of advice and guidance which contains subject matter that is clear and without crookedness. By taking heed to its teachings, deviated people may be rightly guided and may save themselves from a grievous punishment.